The power of family is such that despite the possible separation of members by vast distances, the family influence remains the same. Even when a family member experiences a temporary or permanent sense of alienation, family membership is never truly renounced (I Goldenberg & H Goldenberg, 2013). Family systems therapy began during the early 20th century; specifically emerging during the “golden age” in the 1970’s and ‘80s based on the pioneering work of Nathan Ackerman, Virginia Satir, and Salvador Minuchin (Shoai, 2014). Historically, families have been viewed as functioning under systemic patterns. Rather than viewing problems as belonging to the individual, the therapist sees the problem as created and maintained by the family (Shoai, …show more content…
Structural approach includes common concepts such as: family rules, roles, and boundaries. In particular, this theory articulates family organization and is accredited to Salvador Minuchin. His theory is foundational to applying system theory to solving relational problems. Minchin began developing structural theory and a set of intervention techniques in response to multiple problems arising from the disconnected and under–organized family. To create change, Minuchin developed therapeutic techniques which addresses change within the family context rather than directed towards the troubled adolescent. Within the context of structural therapy, the individual’s symptom is understood as rooted in the context of family patterns. Change in the family’s organization and structure must take place before the symptom is relieved. In return, the structural therapist must provide directive techniques, which help change the structure or context in which the symptom appears. In addition to these techniques, structural therapists emphasize the wholeness of the family system, the influence of hierarchical organization, and interdependent functioning within subsystems. In particular, Minuchin views families as going through life seeking to maintain homeostasis. Therefore, in order to create change, homeostasis must be …show more content…
The difference between structural and strategic are the way they approach therapy. As mentioned before, structural therapists will seek to change the organization of families in order to relieve symptoms; however, strategic therapists will use techniques aimed at relieving the symptom without emphasis on understanding where the symptom came from. The strategic model derived from the work of the Pal Alto research group, which included seminal ideas from Gregory Bateson, Don Jackson, Jay Haley, John Weakling, and Paul Watzlawich. The strategic approach, defined by Haley and Madanes, defines a presenting problem in a way that can be resolved. Within strategic therapy, the goal is to eliminate a specific problem through a clear set of carefully planned stages. Problems are defined as involving two or more people, allowing for an examination of problematic family structures and dysfunctional behavior. The importance of a strategic intervention is to shift the family's organization so that the presenting problem or symptom no longer serves it function. Change than occurs, not through insight and understanding, but through the process in which the family carries out instructions issued by the therapist (I Goldenberg & H Goldenberg,
Structural therapy focuses on the family as a whole. It is concerned about how the issues effect the family relationships and connections. This theory concentrates on how well the understanding is amongst the family members and counselor. The members of the family are prompted to understand how the issues were created, where did the issues come from, when the issues started effecting their family, and what the family needs to overcome their issues. Its focus is to help others understand and improve negative behavior. The structural therapy concentrates on the interaction and boundaries of families with separating the whole family into smaller groups. The subsystems will create a clearer understanding of what issues are hurting their family environment (Gladding, S. T. 2010). The counselor is concerned about the members interaction because this reveals how strong the relationships and connections are in the home. The boundaries are important because they create an understanding that there are limits and order, and the boundaries can be diffused, rigid, or clear (Gladding, S. T. 2010). The counselor is expected to identify techniques so members can understand which boundaries are clear, positive, and healthy (Gladding, S. T. 2010).
Within a family system, individuals were seen as a product of the family unit, rather than exclusions of the unit; this eliminated compulsions and obsessions in a family unit (Taylor, Asmundson, & Jang, 2011). Within family system therapy, the goal is to be capable of eliminating abnormalities in functions that affect all individuals and to treat or respond to the entire family; the goal is to also focus on the identified family member, reducing their extreme stress (Carr, 2000). The family system therapy searches for the balance between the independent individual performance and the function of the group (Taylor, Asmundson, & Jang,
I found that Virginia Satir’s Experiential Family Therapy is the most interesting and important theory for especially youth. Family has a strong connection to youth’s mental condition. I strongly agree that Satir’s way of practice, which is “bringing the father into therapy,” and she “focused on the development of self-esteem in the family members and helped them to communicate directly and openly with each other,” is effective to the patient’s unfathomable depth.
Strategic family therapy is when the therapist initiated most of what happens during a therapy session and designs an approach for each problem that comes up. To be a successful strategic therapist a person should identify problems that can be solved, set goals for the course of therapy, design interventions or tools to meet those goals, and take client’s responses into consideration. Strategic family therapy is really a combination of a few family therapy models Strategic family therapy developed from the communications theory which evolved from MRI (mental research institute)’s brief therapy, Haley’s Strategic model, and the Milan Team’s systemic model. Strategic therapy uses all of these methods together to help the progression of therapy and to bring about change. Strategic family therapy has a few different types such as a model from Jay Haley, MRI (mental research institute), and The Milan Team. Each of these models has different concepts, strengths, and weaknesses that make strategic family therapy a truly diverse type of family therapy.
In the SFT model, the therapist takes an active directional stance (Goldenberg & Goldenberg, 2013, p. 273). This creatively active approach allows the therapist to become part of the family system in order to unbalance and change the family’s structure and perspective, and is especially effective with difficult families (Seligman, 2004, pp. 245-246). However, therapeutic change is a delicate process and must occur in a trusting therapeutic relationship: too little involvement on the part of the therapist, and the family’s structural status quo will continue to be maintained; too much direction before the family is ready can cause a premature termination of therapy (Vetere, 2001, p. 135).
The family has influence on how the dependent which in this case is the adolescent behaves, thinks, feels, etc. The effectiveness of the therapy relies on the effort of the family to work together. Usually, the family comes into therapy blaming the dependent for his or her actions and fail to realize that the home environment is contributing to it. This can lead to the dependent feeling worthless and creating more problems in the family. Family therapy changes the family dynamic by creating rules and boundaries in the house. The therapist creates interventions for the family during therapy to work on these issues (Szapocznik,
Miguel and Rosa have agreed to address the following issues during their treatment. First, they will develop appropriate strategies for managing anger. Second, increase their understanding of ADD and parenting techniques. Third, expand the current support network of their family. We will begin their process by implementing the Brief Strategic Family Therapy model. This therapy allows the family to address their issues collectively and individually. With this approach Miguel and Rosa will address their maladaptive behavior, by developing good communication skills and by helping them to define the family strengths. This therapy will also address Christopher’s aggressive and antisocial behavior, by coaching him in a new behavior. This style therapy along with couple’s therapy and support groups will provide Miguel and Rosa with the tools needed to promote health communication in their relationship, also with how to communicate with their
I enjoyed reading your post. Weakness regarding the structural family therapy approach is that yet focuses on the family being a whole and a nuclear family; it fails to incorporate other factors such as blended families or extended families and how it will work with this approach considering subsystems and
At one time or another, for just a brief moment of for a lifetime everyone belongs to a family unit. As an individual or as a group of individuals each plays a specific role as a part of a subsystem within the family unit. The family system “itself is a subsystem of larger units” (Fishman & Minuchin, 1981, p. 16). Subsystems can be thought of as a means of grouping so as to better understand a person’s role within the family unit. In the immediate nuclear family model the subsystems include “the individual, the spouse, parental, and sibling” (p. 16). Each family subsystem has a certain role to play and depending on a
According to Richard Charles (2001) “the effectiveness of family systems theory rests not much on empirical research but on clinical reports of positive treatment outcomes, the personal benefits experienced by the families that underwent this kind of treatment, and the elegance of Bowen’s theory” (p. 279). Bowen’s family systems theory views the family as an emotional unit and is a theory of human behavior. Systems thinking are used to describe the complex interactions in the unit. However, the client’s ability to differentiate himself/herself from the family of origin is the basis for Bowen’s family systems theory. In addition, the primary focus for growth within the emotional system is differentiation of self. Differentiation of self will be explored as well as how it relates to a church congregation.
Individual and family therapies are approaches that can be employed in treatment and understanding of human behavior. Individual therapy tends to take a concentrated focus and entail internalization of personal dynamics. On the other hand family therapy tends to take an external focus. Research has shown that the two theories can be integrated so that each benefits the other. Creating a comparison between individual and family modalities helps in understanding the client type and integration for their treatment.
Family redefines the individual as a system embedded within many other systems, which brings an entirely different perspective to assessment and treatment (Corey, 2013). Using Structural Therapy or Multigenerational Family Therapy, the blame is alleviated from the identified patient or the entire family. Growth occurs through both practices whether the immediate family or several generations of family are included.
“People who come from dysfunctional families are not destined for a dysfunctional life,” - (Bo Bennett). In today’s society dysfunctional homes have been a major issue in the United States. Many people hope that once they leave home, they will leave their family and their childhood problems behind. However, many people find that they experience similar problems, as well as similar feelings and relationship patterns, long after they have left the family environment. In the eyes of Americans today, children grow up in family environments which help them feel worthwhile, valuable, and appreciated by their family. According to experts at University of Illinois,“Ideally, children grow up in family environments which help them feel worthwhile and valuable. They learn that their feelings and needs are important and can be expressed. Children growing up in such supportive environments are likely to form healthy, open relationships in adulthood” (Counseling Center). Children in the United States today learn that their feelings and needs are important and can be expressed through many different forms of communication. Children growing up in these supportive environments are likely to form healthy and open relationships in adulthood. However, in society today some families fail to provide for many of their children’s emotional and physical needs. As some people have observed, the communication patterns between the family and the child have severely limited the child’s expressions of feelings and needs, “A dysfunctional family is is a family in which people feel out of control people feel frustrated and angry with who they are and what they've become life of the dot they would dysfunctional family is a family that doesn't that is not attached...
For instance, structural family therapy takes a look at the family relationships, practices, patterns, and dynamics; and uses those patterns as they are displayed throughout the treatment process with a specific end goal to assess the family 's structure. In addition, counselors likewise look at subsystems inside of the family structure, for example, parental or sibling subsystems. Structural family therapy was composed by Salvador Minuchin, who utilizes "role playing" in the therapy sessions. Strategic family therapy looks at the family process and functions, for example, communication or problem solving patterns to see how the family operates outside of the therapeutic process. Helpful strategies during the sessions may incorporate reframing or rethinking the issue/situation; or utilizing interventions that recommend the family make a move that has all the earmarks of being contrary to their remedial objectives with a specific end goal to make the desired change. Psychoanalytic therapy takes a gander at the route impacts from the past shape the present family patterns. Humanistic/Existential therapy underlines connections inside of the family system and the counselor/therapist use themselves as tools while being warm, captivating and open. Narrative therapy views problems as separate from the clients, and centers people as the experts in their own