Informed consent means that the patient has been informed by the provider and has been issued information about the medical condition and treatment options that are available. The patient is also able to understand the information provided about their health condition and treatment options. They should be able to ask questions for clarity. Patients are also able to decide what health care treatment they want to receive and give their consent (nlm.nih, 2014). Although informed consent is required on all patients, it is not required in the event of an emergency.
Key words such as closed and open questions are very well explained. Differentiating when to use each type of question is described and useful for facilitating an interactive dialogue. It is important to understand how to assist the patient in relaying important details and to ensure that what the patient has expressed is understood. Conclusion “The history-taking interview should be of high quality and must be accurately recorded” (Craig & Lloyd, p.48). It is important that while obtaining a thorough health history, that the patient is treated with dignity and that their privacy is respected.
The patients are expected to be adherent and obey the treatments that the health care providers implement (Collier & Haliburton, 2015, p. 87). However, patients should be included in the decision-making process. They have the right to be involved in their own care and make decisions that are free of coercion. Sometimes, the patient’s values, beliefs and preferences may not be in-line with the health care providers’ preferences and they have to respect those differences. In Marie’s case, she has the right to be respected in terms of her preferences and choices, especially that she was given all the information regarding her condition and treatment and she was competent enough to make those decisions.
I also see that it may not be immoral for a woman to abort if she has made the most effort to avoid pregnancy using contraceptives. However, as Thompson states, I think in this situation a mother “ought” not to have an abortion. A fetus should have the right to life, however the mother should also have the right to determine how to use her own body. So I too find it difficult to determine a solid stance on this issue. I’ve always believe that a fetus is a person, but I’ve also always struggled to discern when it is that the fetus becomes a person.
These characteristics influence the decision-making process that is vital in a patient’s response to orders given by the physician such as medication compliance. Communicating with a patient based on his or her level of understanding is important at all age levels and varies with other socio-economic factors. This article is relevant because it supports the importance of simple and clear communication to a patient or caregiver. "Breaking bad news." Doctor (2007): 38-41.
The language of communication should be at the level of the patient, although they are not able to assess scientific knowledge, communication should be shared in a way they can understand. Being frankness and honesty is another important successful communication between nurses and patient. Communication should leave the patient without any suspicions, doubts, and misunderstanding. Communication is unidirectional, but it is the nurse and healthcare professional duty for proper conduct. Every patient has different defense mechanisms that help him or her cope with the situation.
It is the pharmacist’s responsibility to resolve these conflicts by overcoming any communication barriers. As a pharmacist, it is important to be skilled in nonverbal communication and effective listening. Pharmacists should also be able to overcome communication barriers and effectively cope with conflicts. A pharmacist who is able to incorporate all of these concepts into their practice will succeed at caring for patients.
Introduction Nursing Handover is important procedures and by definition it is the process of transferring information from the leaving staff to next shift staff that will be taking care of patient. Handover is vital to defend and protect the safety of our patients. The shift should provide next shift staff comprehensive handoffs to avoid harm. Each patient should have an individual handover related to his case and diagnoses. Handover should be clear and prioritised to patients care and needs.
The ethical dilemmas pertaining to the interconnectedness of the pregnant woman and the fetus are applicable concerning informed consent, patient choice in the Maternal-fetal relationship, and at-risk drinking and illicit drug use. In respect to patients’ autonomous decision making, obtaining informed con... ... middle of paper ... ...ventions may implant fear into women about whether their wishes in the delivery room will be respected. In review to the ethical challenges of advancing maternal health, the “committee on ethics strongly opposes the criminal prosecution of pregnant women whose activities may appear to cause harm to their fetuses”. (ACOG, 2011) Perinatal outcomes and maternal behavior is not a subject that is completely understood. Judicial authorities should not be instilled for care or treatment with procedures of protecting the fetus.
If the definition of a patient includes the fetus then providing abortions is contrary to the nurse’s role as caregiver; however, the mother is definitely a patient and must be cared for as well. It is the nurse’s responsibility to support the woman’s decision so that she may obtain an abortion safely. Nurses who put the life of the fetus first are allowed to refuse to participate in an abortion, but this may affect the way women receive nursing care. Importance of the Right to Refuse According to the American Nurses Association, nurses