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Failure at Pearl Harbor

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“On December 7, 1941-a date which will live in infamy-the United States was suddenly and DELIBERATELY attacked by the naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan. -Franklin Delano Roosevelt, in his address to Congress on December 8, 1941.” A quote from Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) giving people a taste of what happened on the sad day of December 7th. The destructive day recalled as Pearl Harbor was a day of goodbyes to 2,403 Americans who died that day. In addition 1,178 American’s were wounded. As proved in the Manitowoc Herald-Times Newspaper which quotes that “Washington was admitting over 3,000 Americans were wounded, or killed during the attack.” All eight United States (U.S.) Navy battleships were damaged, including four that were sunk. All in one day the Japanese were able to cause such destruction with only less than one hundred men killed, including around thirty aircrafts and five midget submarines which were also lost. Yet with the extreme amount of American casualties, this surprise air strike is considered as a failure to the Japanese. The Japanese intentions were to sink the American aircraft carriers, but luckily the carriers were not present that day. Leading to the attack were many signs showing the Americans of the attack. The American’s were both warned, and attacked lightly without casualties by the Japanese before the attack, all raising suspicion of the Japanese plans for the U.S.. Yet the U.S. was still not ready for the attack, this is what will be covered in this essay. This essay will cover how the U.S. failed to recognize the upcoming attack on Pearl Harbor due to misunderstandings, mistakes and misinterpretations causing a great deal of destruction. This will be covered through discussing four impor...

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