What first started as a fear of being the minority turned quickly to a fear of losing political power and economic wealth. In the end, the use of violence all... ... middle of paper ... ...ward expansion and Northerner’s own view of racial superiority over blacks to care about what was occurring in the south (186). In conclusion, the Civil War ended in principle and name only with General Lee’s surrender at Appomattox. White Southerners would not accept the freed blacks as equals specifically with full civil and voting rights as granted by the fourteenth and fifteenth amendments (28). Lamar accomplishes his goal of defining the last battle of the Civil War.
Lincoln’s main priorities were to preserve the Union, and reserve the republic. Slavery, in some ways, was a nonissue to Lincoln unless the republic was threatened. Lincoln was dead set opposed to secession, which greatly worried the South. The South realized that if Lincoln won the election, they would lose power. Due to this worry of losing their “way of life” due to Lincoln’s victory in the election, the South decided to secede from the Union, which eventually lead to the Civil War.
It was agreed upon by the Republicans that the only way the southern states would be welcomed back into the Union was if they ratified the Fourteenth Amendment but then President Johnson told the states that they should ignore this law and not pass it. Congress had the majority of votes that were in favor of the southern states adopting the amendment so it was put into law. The last congressional Reconstruction measure that was passed was the Civil Rights Act of 1875, which prohibited racial discrimination in transportation, restaurants and jury selection. Unfortunately it did not guarantee equality in schools, churches or cemeteries so it led to many problems in the future. After the end of Reconstruction, the idea of the “New South” arose and the main advocate of this was Henry Grady, editor for the Atlanta Constitution (Grem).
The original Constitution prohibited slavery but slave states practiced their right to declare laws "Null and Void". States had the power to decide which laws they followed, without this rule and State power over Federal the slave states would be forced to follow and release their slaves. Even the Founding Fathers did not follow the no slave law in Constitution.Washington was the only Founding Father to free his slaves on his death bed. When the North leaning toward the abolishment slavery, the South became nervous. The Southerns were worried about their everyday lives being altered by the abolishing of slavery.
As the Civil War came to its end the Reconstruction era took its place. Reconstruction in America was the period from which previously part of the Confederacy were gotten back into the United States. This period was, above all else, people had a lot of questions and concerns about the future, they were alert to each action the government made. Politicians straggle over the development of new system for farther role and status of freed slaves in the South. The main concern was to see whether the reconstruction period would bring economic, social and political equality to African American people.
However, despite having the cold Civil War in the 1860s, all the effort to gain a “new birth of freedom” went in vain. Although the North were advance than the South and were to defeat them in the war, they had in reality lost. By the 1880s, the South had defeated the weakened North and had re-enslaved the African American. After the Civil war, the American government had passed many amendments to insure the rights of African American but all went in vain, as the South did not follow them. Document A shows that Amendment XIII, which was passed in 1865 right after the Civil War, prohibited the use of slavery within the US.
Despite Congresses best efforts, President Andrew Johnson would be unlike his Predecessor. This made it increasingly difficult without the cooperation of the President to help ensure that the Southern States followed along with the Reconstruction Amendments, instead of the rising Jim crow laws that would spread throughout the south. The need to help African-Americans through law would die a death due to the Compromise of 1877, making Ruther B Hayes President. With the North now turning its back on African-Americans and the South hav... ... middle of paper ... ...said that integration required a change in people's hearts and minds. Eisenhower was sympathetic to white southerners who complained about alterations in what they said was their way of life.
Reconstruction ended because of Southern Democratic opposition to the plan. This opposition weakened Republican’s will to implement their views on the South. There were also conflicting ideas between Johnson and the government how Reconstruction should be carried out The Southern white Democrats opposed Reconstruction by using violence through the Klu Klux Klan and other similar groups to weaken the Republican support. The Klu Klux Klan attacked not only blacks who participated in politics or who supported Reconstruction but also attacked whites that supported Reconstruction. Many Southerners knew about the brutality of the Klu Klux Klan attacks.
This occurred as the other, more industrial, interests of the broad based party dominated their platform; leaving the blacks to face the wrath of the Southerners. A final blow to the hopes for national protection of African American civil rights was dealt with The Force Bill of 1890. In this bill, the Senate objected to the idea of... ... middle of paper ... ...e Radical Republicans had embarked on a costly Reconstruction plan and set up legislation meant to protect black civil rights, the blacks did not thrive. The Supreme Court successfully chipped away at any progress made by the Republicans. Rulings made in the later half of the 19th Century reduced the scope of the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments, and lead to the further subordination of the Black race by Southern State governments.
The answer to this question was as related to how important each side believed it was to enfranchise African Americans into this country (socially, politically, economically, and culturally) as it was in exacting an appropriate punishment for the treasonous South. Although the two Republican factions disagreed on several aspects of Reconstruction policy, they both understood that the Conservative approach to Reconstruction could never be enacted. The Conservatives lead by President Johnson, believed in a rapid readmission, into the Union, for the defeated Southern states. Johnson's stipulations were solely that the states ratify the 13th Amendment, and repudiate Confederate war debt (thus making it null and void). A second more controversial measure to the democrat's plan for rapid reconstruction was the issuing of pardons to former Confederate officials, landowners, and generals.