Sinclair’s contempt for capitalist society is present throughout the novel, demonstrated in the eagerness of Jurgis to work, the constant struggle for survival of the workers in Packing town and the corruption of the man at all levels of the society. Also, the author promotes socialism as a standard political society to replace capitalism. First, what is capitalism? And why it is good and why it is bad. Capitalism is all about efficiency and get things done.
The bourgeois are the controllers of industrialization, the owners of the factories that abuse their workers and strip all human dignity away from them for pennies. Industry, Marx says, has made the proletariat working class only a tool for increasing the wealth of the bourgeoisie. Because the aim of the bourgeoisie is to increase their trade and wealth, it is necessary to exploit the worker to maximize profit. This, according to Marx, is why the labor of the proletariat continued to steadily increase while the wages of the proletariat continued to steadily decrease. Marx states that the bourgeoisie not only took advantage of the proletariat through a horrible ratio of wages to labor, but also through other atrocities; he claims that it was common pract... ... middle of paper ... ...nt.
Marx predicted that eventually the proletariat would overthrow this capitalist system and replace it with a system which is often referred to as Communist - whereby the workers have control. Today, whenever the words 'class' or 'class conflict' are mentioned people usually turn to Marx definition and picture the poor worker fighting for better pay, better living and working conditions. The typical class conflict is typified as workers versus the owners, or bourgeoisie. In Britain this struggle did not develop in the way that Marx predicted - there has never been a genuine proletariat revolutionary threat. In its place has been a tradition of reformist socialism with the Labour Party and the Trades Unions being the main campaigners.
Soon he realizes that capitalists are just corrupt people who just happen to have wealth. The wealth gap and corruption becomes apparent to him; the capitalist Jurgis once hope to embrace as he lived the “American dream” is nothing more than predators “preying upon the people”. Jurgis soon after joins a union and learns the web of lies that runs the Packingtown. This time period had a lot of Union members who wanted an economic reformation. Many workers began to advocate fo their rights as laborers.
For Marx the class stratification that driven from private ownership causes to alienate workers from the existence world. It begins that property less workers become alienated from the product that they produce. Worker relates to... ... middle of paper ... ...t of an inorganic matter basically means to constitute the core identity of human being. According to Marx a person is actually the action or practical activity that he does to transform nature into an object. Division of labor and private ownership of today’s modern world workers are alienated from their essential source of identity.
A long shot of the workers being thrown into the machine is a metaphor for the lives of the workers being devoted to purely slaving over the machines. This reiterates the power the upper class has over the workers, which in turn is what later sparks the revolution among the workers. In addition to the city’s machines, Joh Fredersen attempts to further oppress the workers as he uses the Maria-bot to preach to the workers in the catacombs. A mid-shot of Fredersen embracing the Maria-bot is symbolic for Fredersen’s thirst for more power in Metropolis,
The poor would always be in false consciousness state because unaware of society or the mind set to reach the top. Marx felt that the struggle would destroy unity and lead to a divide between the classes. Marx showcases Division of Labor as isolating the individual. In the workplace, the individual would be disconnected from his task/role and would lead to repetitive task as well as competition to each other. Hegel is very important Enlightenment thinker to Marx because they formed hi... ... middle of paper ... ...s a consequence would result in a revolution of the capitalism system.
In “Art vs. Trade” the bourgeoisie is consciously exploiting the working class. As mentioned earlier the entity of Trade believes that the world was created in order to fulfill his needs (Johnson Line 7). As a result he knowingly abuses Art and other people of the working class to get what he desires by overworking them. However, other members of the proletariat do not address their lack of power. The Marxist theory recognizes that due to the bourgeoisie’s hold over the superstructure, it has the ability to “entrap the proletariat into holding the sense of identity and worth” that the powerful class wants them to have (Dobie 93).
The owner of the factory and the security officer exploited them in every possible way. Unable to bear the treatment meted out to them, they rebelled and stop working but gets beaten up. So the worker with the call of the togetherness for smooth running of the factory. He disintegrates himself from the machine and the machine strops. While the labourer is fed up with the call of togetherness, the owner comes out and called for unity for his own interest.
Marx began his studies with a focus on human behavior. He was troubled by the effects that factory work had on people who were forced to sell their labor to major industries. By producing massive quantities of products the laborers felt no individual contribution therefore they became disassociated from the products and their own labor as well. Much like how Bartleby was forced to copy day in and day out he became disassociated from his products and his labor. His simple phrase of, “I would prefer not to” was the embodiment of the passive protest to his monotonous copying.