Breast Cancer is a disease that can sometime lead to ovarian cancer and has caused a lot of women’s death. “About five to ten percent of breast cancer cases are thought to be hereditary, meaning that they result from gene defects called mutations inherited from a parent”. Related Risks early menstruation, oral contraceptives and child bearing 20 percent. (1)An environmental risk is that toxins can damage breast DNA. Over time damaged DNA can lead to cancer. Your risk of developing breast cancer increases as you get older. “1 of 8 breast cancer are found when women are younger than 45. 2 of 3 breast cancer are found in women age 55 years or older 75 percent greater chance”.(1) Breast Cancer can lead Peutz Jeghers syndrome the effects of Peutz Jeghgers is spots on your lips and in their mouths. Women with no children or who had a child after age 30 have slightly higher breast cancer risk. “Screening for breast cancer is early diagnosis increases chance of survival and annual mammogram after age 40”. Women who took Diethylstilbestrol while pregnant could have a slightly higher risk of developing breast cancer. Birth control peals also cause higher risks 40 to 50 percent for breast cancer risk calms down after they have stopped taking them.(1) Using combined hormone therapy after menopause increase the risk of getting breast cancer , it also increase women chances of dying from it. If you are over weight or obese after menopause greatly increase breast cancer risk 20 percent. Drinking alcohol can cause a major effect for you to start developing breast cancer the risk increase the more you drink. Tobacco smoke, Night work, Antiperspirants, Bras and Induced abortion. Breast cancer takes a lot of toll on women and men of all races and...
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...st has 3-4 fold risk of developing new cancer in the other breast this is different from a recurrence of first cancer. “Overall, white women are slightly more likely to develop breast cancer than African Americans women.” 5-10 percent of breast cancer is caused by inherited genetic mutations. “2-5 percent caused by inherited mutations in BRCA 1 and BRCA 2 genes”. High doses of radiation, such as treating the disease, in women under 30 shows the higher increased risk for breast cancer.(2) Having a risk factor, or even several, doesn’t mean that you will get the disease. If you are overweight the connection between that and breast cancer risk is complex about 25 percent. “You will need to exercise as little as 1.25 to 2.5 hours per week of walking reduced the breast cancer risk by 18 percent”.(2) High fat diets is a high risk that causes breast cancer 50 percent exact.
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Family members with breast cancer - A family history of breast cancer may increase your risk of breast cancer. But just because someone in your family has breast cancer does not mean you will have it too. About 75% of patients with breast cancer do not have a family history of breast cancer Early menstruation, late menopause - Menstruation before the age of 12 and menopause after the age of 50 can increase your risk of cancer.
At this point in time, scientists and doctors have yet to discover the specific causes for breast cancer. However, what is known are the different risk factors that may trigger or put women more at danger of acquiring this disease. Aged women who have experienced menopause are more vulnerable at containing this disease. Women are also more at risk if breast cancer is common within their family because it is hereditary. In addition, smoking and drinking are other factors that can put women at risk as well (Stephan, 2010). Obesity in particular is a huge risk factor. Women who are overweight, especially those who have a thicker upper body, are more likely to develop malignant cancers in the breast than a healthy woman (Vona-Davis and Rose, 2009).
Some risk factors cannot be changed such as age, race, and gender. A person 's risk increases as they get older. Approximately 1 out of 8 women are at risk of developing breast cancer are younger than 55. Approximately 2 out of 3 women are at risk of developing breast cancer who are older than 55 (American Cancer Society, 2014). To decrease this rate, women need more timely follow ups and access to high quality treatments (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015). Men can develop breast cancer, but this disease is more common among women than men. (American Cancer Society, 2015).
According to Breast Cancer Statistics, Breast cancer usually occurs in women between the ages of 35 and 65, even though fifty percent of all breast cancer is of women sixty-five and older (Breast Cancer Statistics, 2008). Although the cause of cancer is unknown, there are factors that increase the chances of getting it. These facto...
In the United States, starting from the first breast cancer case in 1930s to today, a woman's lifetime risk of breast cancer increases to one eighth (Gray et al.). Continuously increasing breast cancer rate has caused a lot of concerns among not only ordinary people but also scientists. For decades, scientists have been working on the causes of breast cancer in order to find the corresponding methods of treatment. However, only about 25% of the breast cancer cases got explained (Brody et al.); till today, heredity, lifetime exposure to environmental estrogen (the female sex hormone), and the dietary fat are the only major known causes (“Cover Story: Breast Cancer and Environment”). For the 75% unexplained breast cancers cases, scientists, through various of researches, have come up with several hypothetical breast cancer causes, in which synthetic chemicals and environmental radiations are the major ones.
“One in every ten women in the United States will develop breast cancer sometime during her life”. (Breast Care). More than six percent of these cases are linked to hereditary. There are many measures that can be taken to detect breast cancer early in its stages. Women who believe they have a higher risk should have the breast cancer gene testing.
The risk of having breast cancer increases when there is a family history of breast cancer. For example, a woman who has a sister or mother with breast cancer is more likely to develop the disease herself because the genetic mutation is inherited (Klugar & Park 2013). According to the American Cancer Society, 5% to 10% of all cancers are from hereditary mutations. This means that some people are more likely to develop cancer than others because they are born with mutations in their genes.
Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue. The signs of breast cancer might include a change in the breast size, dimpling of the skin on your body, a lump in the breast, fluid coming from the breast nipple, or ever red patchy skin around the breast. When the breast cancer spreading, there might be swollen lymph nodes, shortness of breath, yellow skin or bone aches. Women in the U.S. have a 1 in 8 chance of evolving an aggressive form of breast cancer during their lifetime. When breast cancer is aggressive, it starts in the breast glands but grows into breast tissue. There are many treatments of breast cancer, there is no cure found yet. However they are effective treatments out there to handle breast cancer patients. Breast cancer treatments will depend on what type of breast cancer you have developed, also where your cancer has spread. The breast cancer patient would work with their doctor to come up with a plan that 's best for them to improve their health. There is two types of aggressive cancer, one is the ductal carcinoma. This is the most type of cancer a lot of breast cancer patients have, making up about 80%. Cancer cells start in a milk canal, break through the walls, and invade breast tissue. It can continue constrained, which mean that it stays around where the tumor was first started. On the other hand cancer cells may spread anywhere in the body. Invasive lobular carcinoma is about 10% of aggressive breast cancers. Dealing with ILC most women feel a thickening around or in their breast instead of a lump in their breast. Sadly some women might have signs of the combination of both. These are most asked questions with dealing with aggressive cancer. Like what upsurges the...
Breast cancer is the second leading cancer killer among women, after lung cancer (Breast Cancer , 2014). Cancer is a word that puts fear in many people, especially if they have family members who have either died or survived the disease. No one wants to hear that he or she has been diagnosed with any disease, especially cancer. Many women do not take breast cancer serious until they are diagnosed. Sadly, once diagnosed with this epidemic, a person’s life is altered forever. Breast cancer does not discriminate and can happen to anyone at any age. To prevent this disease, one must take the necessary precautions to lower the risk factors. In fact, there are several local and national events to remind people of breast cancer’s existence. Many people do not know this, but there are numerous ways that they can protect themselves against this disease or find the ailment early enough that it can be treated. If breast cancer is found early enough, it is fairly easy to treat. With today’s technology, most women survive breast cancer. I recently had a friend diagnosed with this illness at age of 40. She has undergone a difficult and exasperating journey as she has lost both breasts and is undergoing chemotherapy at this point. In addition to chemotherapy, other forms of treatment include surgery, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, and vaccine therapy. While this disease usually occurs in women, men are also at risk for this ailment. Although, breast cancer can be hereditary, according to research, there are quite a few additional risk factors.
Nursing care in regards to breast cancer is focused towards health promotion. Screening guidelines include yearly mammograms beginning at the age of 40. Women should be taught how to perform self breast exams and when to alert their doctor. Life style changes can also help reduce a woman’s risk of acquiring breast cancer. Women should be encouraged to maintain a health weight by exercising regularly and eating a nutritious healthy diet. Alcohol
In recent history, women have one of the highest death rate due to breast cancer is than any other cancers. According to the article Breast Cancer Trends Among Young Women In The United States, there is a one in eight (12%) that women will acquire a type of breast cancer in their lifetime. Just in 2013 an estimated of 232,340 new cases of breast cancer was diagnosed in women all over the United States. These recent studied also shows there is a larger percentage of women getting breast cancer at an earlier age in life. Many researchers and doctors believe this is due to increase industrialization exposure, negative lifestyle choices and thei...
Just as genetic factors take place in the risk factors of breast cancer, environmental factors have also caused an impact. The word environmental can include many things. There are many myths out there that about the causes of breast cancer that people believe. When it comes to factors of breast cancer, “Examples may include exposures that are passive (such as sunlight or secondhand smoke) and those that are active (such as eating fruits and vegetables or drinking alcohol) (“Facts”). Many women avoid eating certain foods or doing certain things with the fear of developing the harmful disease. Most of the women that have been diagnosed with breast cancer, have none of the so-called known environmental risk factors, like late menopause, having
It is so important that young girls know and learn more about breast cancer. Most people believe that only older and more mature women need to worry about having or getting breast cancer and while that might be true, I believe that young girls should start to learn more about breast cancer so they know how they can get it and how to prevent it. Most people believe that breast cancer is just passed down genetically but while that is most of it there are so many other risk factors. Gender, age, personal health history, and certain genome changes are all risk factors. A Lot of the risk factors are avoidable but people don't know that their personal life style can give them cancer. Poor diet, lack of physical activity, and alcohol consumption.
As defined by Majure, breast cancer is an “uncontrolled growth of abnormal breast cells” (Majure: 110). It is also one of the cancers that women fear the most. Not only do women get diagnosed with breast cancer, men do too. However, it isn't as bad, or as common, in men as it is in women so doctors don’t recommend screening for men. In the U.S more than one thousand men get affected by breast cancer every year and about two hundred thousand women are affected by breast cancer every year. Women are most likely to get diagnosed with it in their forties and fifties while some may be diagnosed with breast cancer in their twenties, if they started their menstrual cycles at an early age like 14. Typically, men are diagnosed with breast cancer in their sixties or seventies.
Cancer is one of the most diseases related to death in the worldwide. According to the "Global Cancer: Facts and Figures 2nd edition" (2008), cancer is the second diseases that leads to death in the world, losing only for heart diseases. It is knowledgeable that the first cancer that affects women is the breast cancer. In 2008, the American Cancer Society estimated that 1.38 million new cases of breast cancer in that year and 458.400 had died due to the same cancer. When we look close for the situation in Canada, it is estimated, according to the Breast Cancer Society in Canada, that 24.400 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer. Breast cancer has been related to gene mutation, family history, and others. Moreover, the WHO mention that