Technology holds a much deeper significance for higher education since it influences propagation and application of knowledge, the key ingredient of higher learning. Duderstadt et.al (08) stated that “Nowadays, our rapid evolution into a knowledge-based society has been driven in by the emergence of powerful new technologies such as computers, communication networks, and other digital technologies.” Students do not do their own classwork anymore, and soon mankind as we know it will be swapping our thoughts, as well as think for us, with a “Matrix” way of life (Duderstadt et.al 08). General overview New technologies can either enhance the learning process of an individual or even present a somewhat bigger challenge to the professors in a classroom setting. In essence, the topic on technology and education has been a concern for parents, teachers, school officials, and in some cases, the students. Everyone wants to know if technology is going to help children learn more by making a difference in the in the way teaching is currently being done in the classrooms.
. Van Vianen, A. E. (2009). Life designing: A paradigm for career construction in the 21st century. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 75(3), 239-250. Savickas, M. L., Nota, L., Rossier, J., Dauwalder, J., Duarte, M. E., Guichard, J., .
Columbus: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, Center on Education and Training for Employment, the Ohio State University, 2001. http://ericacve.org/majorpubs.asp Secretan, L. “Integration, Not Balance.” Industry Week 249, no. 11 (June 12, 2000): 29. Stein, S. Equipped for the Future Content Standards. What Adults Need to Know and Be Able to Do in the 21st Century. Washington, DC: National Institute for Literacy, 2000.
In Stanley, W.B. (Ed.) Critical issues in social studies research for the 21st century (pp. 231-252). Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.
Journal of Higher Education, 66 (2), 187-212. Russ Carnahan. Quotes (2012). Retrieved from http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/r/russ_carnahan.html Weisbrod, B.A., Ballou, J.P., & Asch, E.D. (2010).
Retrieved June 21, 2005, from http://www.work911.com/cgi-bin/links/jump.cgi?ID=4532 International Society of Parametric Analysts. (1999). Parametric estimating initiative (pei) parametric estimating handbook: Company developed models (chap. 4). Retrieved June 20, 2005, from http://www.ispa-cost.org/PEIWeb/ch4.htm Grambo, M. (n.d.).
The creation of computer software and hardware, telecommunications, databases, and the Internet has affected society as a whole, and particularly higher education by giving people new productivity options and changing the way they work (Hulbert, 1998). In the so-called "Information Age" the increasing use of technology has become the driving force in the way people work, learn, and play (Drake, 2000). As this force evolves, the people using technology change also (Nelson, 1990). Adapting to technology is not simple. Some people tend to embrace change while others resist change (Wolski & Jackson, 1999).
The conventional non targeted approach to language teaching was replaced with an objective oriented training catering to needs of an emerging market. Though this change was an opportunity for trainers/teachers from an academic and economic perspective, it came along with a new set of challenges. The demand for English language boomed with the growing economy, moreover English had the status of power and hegemony in post colonial societies. Technological edge and proximity to modern academic circles gave a new dimension to the sway of language in the modern times. Graddol points out “English is closely associated with the leading edge of global scientific, technological, economic and cultural development” (1997:4).
Lyotard argues that the transformation will have a distinct significant impact on knowledge. “Its (knowledge’s) two principal functions— research and the transmission of acquired learning— are already feeling the effects or soon will.” (Lyotard, 4) As with many seismic changes in society, the shift is the result of an invention. Just as Gutenberg’s printing press democratized knowledge, the invention of computers is once again altering the dissemination of knowledge. “It is reasonable to suppose that the proliferation of information-processing machines (computers) is having, and will continue to have, as much of an effect on the circulation of knowledge as did advancements in human circulation (transportation systems), and later, in the circulation of sound and visual images (the media). (Lyotard, 5) Science has altered from a system based on revelation of some "objective truth" (final signified anyone?