Cases range from mild to severe, and most sufferers have “flares,” which are periods during which symptoms become worse. The most common symptoms of lupus are Fatigue and fever Joint pain, swelling and stiffness Shortness of breath Chest pain Dry eyes Headaches Confusion or memory loss Causes Of Lupus The causes of most cases of lupus is unknown, but it is believed that it is a result of both genetics and environment. Some people are genetically predisposed to lupus, and the onset of the disease can sometimes be triggered by some types of infections, drugs and even sunlight. Medications such as anti-seizure drugs, blood pressure medications and antibiotics. People with lupus brought on by drugs usually see their symptoms disappear when they stop the medication.
The more common dry form occurs when the retinal cells breakdown slowly. Usually vision loss is not as severe in the dry form as the wet form, though the dry form can progress with gradual degrading cells that cause severe loss of vision (All About Vision 1). The risk factors for each form are age (over 60), smoking, obesity, race (Caucasian), family history, high blood pressure, lighter eye color, and gender (female). Prescription drug side effects can also pose a threat (All About Vision 3). Symptoms for both types of the disease differ, except one, neither is painful.
Open-angle glaucoma - With this form of glaucoma, the loss of vision occurs so gradually it is rarely noticed. However, as eye damage increases, you will eventually find that you have lost a lot of areas of your peripheral vision, especially the field of vision near your nose. As larger areas of your peripheral vision fade, you may develop tunnel vision -- vision that has narrowed so you see only what is directly in front of you. If glaucoma is not treated, even this narrowed vision disappears into blindness. Once gone, areas of lost vision canno... ... middle of paper ... ...e, and screening tests of the visual field are essential for all persons aged 40 and older, especially is your family has a history of glaucoma.
In most cases, however, surgeons replace the diseased lens with a plastic intraocular lens. A patient who receives an intraocular lens may or may not need glasses or contact lenses to see well. Physiology Of A Normal System The eye normally consist of a lens that is located behind the iris, the colored portion of the eye, and the pupil, the dark center of the eye. Tiny ligaments, called zonules, support the lens capsule wi... ... middle of paper ... ...hopefully will help other elderly people understand the signs and symptoms to look for cataracts and ways that cataracts can be prevented. About half of Americans between ages 65 and 74, 70% of those older than age 75, have cataracts (Mayo Clinic Health Letter, 1995, 3).
Some of the symptoms are blurry vision, rainbow-colored circles around bright lights, head pains, nausea or vomiting, and sudden sight loss. Because of the small amount of detection with open-angle glaucoma, it is very important to see an eye doctor regularly. There is a clear difference between angle-closure and open-angle glaucoma. Angle-closure glaucoma comes much faster and is much more severe. There are several environmental and genetic causes and risk ... ... middle of paper ... ...a will eventually still become blind.
Some other symptoms are blindspots, eccentric viewing, photostress, photophobia, better vision at night, color vision, peripheral vision sensitivity, hallucinations, and depth perceptions. These are just some of the things that Macular Degeneration affects. Macular Degeneration is hard to recognize at the first, but if it affects both eyes than it becomes a problem. Reading and close up work can be very difficult. Few people realize that Macular Degeneration is an incurable eye disease and is the leading cause of blindness in those people older than 55.
Diarrhea is caused by damage to the lining of the stomach and digestive track, a good diet may help with diarrhea. Fatigue is the most common side effect of chemotherapy, it effect over 70 percent of chemotherapy patients, to help fatigue it might be good to move around but it is also good to rest. Infertility are common side effects for both men and women. Chemotherapy tries to kill cancer cells, but sometimes damages other cells too including the roots of your hair, patients don’t just lose the hair on their head but pretty much all their hair. Hair normally grows back 3-10 months after treatment ends, people often cover their head with a hat, scarf, or wig.
Many patients have complained of red itchy rash on their bodies and pain in their lung and abdominal areas (Bushie). The limbs often swell, and many experience brain fogs, where they forget what is happening around them. There are many symptoms that hepatitis C shares with other viruses, this is what makes it difficult to diagnose. After the diagnosis is made from the necessary blood tests, the doctor will perform a liver biopsy to determine the extent of inflammation and damage in the liver.
Ocular complications of contact lenses include iatrogenic (inappropriate fit, prescription or wearing schedule), patient non-compliance or misuse, as well as inherent problems with the patients tear film, lids, lashes, or meibomian glands. Contact lenses are implicated in the pathophysiology of many anterior segment disorders. Most commonly, these complications are due to hypoxia (oxygen deprivation to the cornea), mechanical stress, infection, or immunological factors. Soft contact lenses, also known as hydrogels, worn as extended wear (that is, up to a 7 consecutive day wearing schedule including overnight wear) have a significantly higher incidence (10-15 times the rate for daily wear hydrogels) of ocular complications. This is because corneal hypoxia is greatly exacerbated by overnight contact lens wear.
If there is fluid build up this may cause pain and hearing loss, fever and ringing in the ears also occurs (tinnitus), Doctor will order antibiotics. Meniere's disease is chronic disease of the inner ear were increased pressure of fluid has built up Tinnitus, hearing loss and vertigo occur, these attacks can last for several minutes to hours. Presciption medication, low-salt diet and fluid restrictions can reduce build up of fluid in the ears. Falls may be prevented. Many elderly people deny having any hearing loss but this is a common occurrence in the elderly.