Factors Influencing Community Colleges to Offer Baccalaureate Degrees

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Several authors have already reviewed the existing literature surrounding the factors which influence the creation of CCB’s. This literature review will include recent works and update what is currently available. From the currently available items, both Essink (2013) and Petry (2006) provide elegant literature reviews on this topic and also include the history of community colleges, the evolution of their missions and an overview of the research done up until this point regarding the CCB. By far the most comprehensive literature review, however, comes from Petrosian (2010). The author provides seven thematic areas pertinent to the CCB discussion. Theme two specifically addresses the research on the reasons for the creation of CCB’s. Among the stated factors is the desire to increase access of the bachelor’s degree to a wider range of individuals and to serve an older population that may be place-bound due to familial or job responsibilities. Much of the literature cited in the three aforementioned literature review provided the foundation for this work.
Essential Elements in the Creation of CCB’s
As previously stated Essink (2013) identified various elements that instructional administrators need to be aware of when considering the creation of a CCB. Many of these elements have supportive evidence throughout the literature and would be useful to take into consideration. These elements coupled with the rationales for creating or not creating a CCB are foundational for those interested in this topic.
Assessment of Need
A critical component that must occur prior to the implementation of a CCB is a needs assessment. The needs assessment will help the instructional administrator determine what programs should be offered, whether ...

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Walker, K. (2006). Globalization is changing the world of education. Community College Journal, 76(6), 14.
Walker, K. (2005). History, rationale, and community college baccalaureate association. In D.L. Floyd, M.L. Skolnik, & K.P. Walker (Eds.), The community college baccalaureate: Emerging trends and policy issues. (9-25). Sterling: Stylus.
Wattenberger, J. (2002). Colleges should stick to what they do best. Community College Week, 13, (18).
Williams, J.B. (2010). Assessing the need for community college baccalaureate degree programs in Mississippi. (Doctoral dissertation). University of Southern Mississippi. ProQuest No. 3424893.

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