Background The travel and tourism industry is one of the leading growing sectors in UK and across the globe. The development of this industry is closely interconnected to the broader technological and socio-economic changes, which is evolving continuously, and are consistently reforming the nature of supply and demands in the travel and tourism industry. Tourism has attracted a significant number of attentions during the last decade, with studies being conducted on a diverse and broad range of topics
Executive Summary According to the “World Tourism Organization”, tourists are people travelling to and also staying places outside from their normal atmosphere for not more than one successive year for business, leisure or any other reasons. Volunteer tourism is also one of the most important types of tourism and has emerged as a new topic of research over the last decade; the ways in which it both contributes and reflects to a new logic of development have not been completely examined or studied
production state is that the former uses the rental proceeds obtained from the rest of the world to support its citizens the latter depends on its citizen’s tax to develop its economy. The rentier state theory of the Persian Gulf is a hypothesis explaining why the rentier states or the oil rich countries tend to be less developed and their governments less democratic compared to their counterparts in natural resources deficient countries. Some researchers associate underground wealth with curses.