Factors Affected by Poverty

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According to Anup Shah (2013), “Nearly half of the world’s population — more than 3 billion people — live on less than $2.50 a day. More than 1.3 billion people live in extreme poverty, with less than $1.25 a day.” Poverty is a simple word that is made up of seven letters; however, its meaning is powerful and staggering. We often hear the word poverty; not realizing what really lies behind it. So, what does poverty truly mean? Poverty is hunger and the lack of shelter. Poverty is being sick and not being able to see a doctor. Poverty is the inability to obtain an education. Poverty is not having a job and fearing what the future holds for oneself. Poverty is losing a child to illness brought about by unsanitary surroundings. Poverty is a situation where people’s basic needs for food, clothing, and shelter are not being met (“Poverty,”n.d.). Poverty is a problem that affects various factors, including education, health, and crime rates in different countries around the world.
First, educational attainment is widely affected by poverty. There is a clear relationship between a low-income family and the lack of educational achievement. According to David Sirota (2013), “Social science research over the last few decades has shown that two thirds of student achievement is a product of out-of-school factors — and among the most powerful of those is economic status.” One of the reasons for the lack of education in poor families is the inability to enroll children in schools due to the family’s very low income. Another reason that pushes students into leaving learning institutions is pregnancy, which in most cases, occur due to poverty. Low-income families often seek a better life by getting the youth of the family involved in prostitution...

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