Something I would like to further research would be the reasoning behind why some people under-estimate the costs of dual tasking. I think some people may engage in multi-tasking behavior despite the metacognition judgments about the costs of their performance, while some others could wrongly judge the cost estimates as acceptable if they don't have a clear understanding on the apparent consequences, such as a crash. Also, the behavior people engage in could be a factor of their personality (ie. thrill-seekers). A study can be conducted to see if people are less likely to engage in these “risky-behaviors” when given the option.
As a result, these people drive while drunk, don’t wear seat belts, and use cell phones while driving. However, sudden car accidents are also attributed to several different reasons that need to be addressed in order to lessen their frequency and impact. One of the major factors contributing to sudden car accidents is car braking problems, especially difficulties for drivers to identify the car brake strength. Consequently, there is need to design a product that limit car accidents through providing information regarding the strength of the car brake. Issues Resulting from Sudden Car Accidents: As previously mentioned, sudden car accidents are caused by various factors ranging from mechanical problems to the behaviors of drivers and passengers.
For example, how believable is it that someone could have any knowledge of the physics in cars and have a pet and their lap while driving? Or even worse; a child sitting in the front seat not strapped to a seat belt. These are all situations that take place and spark questions and conversations about how people think, however, the real focus should be on why the laws of physics are important to the “era of the automobiles”. Every year people die in car crashes, but every year, that number decreases. With every year that passes by, we gain more knowledge about how to prevent those life-taking events from taking place, and we do that through accident reconstruction specialists.
This report presents the legal and ethical issues that one of the world’s largest automakers, Toyota, encountered due to uncontrolled car acceleration in several of their car models. These issues resulted in millions of recalls due to injuries and deaths. The case was an issue of whether the accidents were a result of sudden acceleration, bad drivers, or faulty floor mats. There were several legal issues involved in this case, including charges of negligence as well as possible charges of obstruction of justice because they knowingly hid these defects from U.S officials but did not attempt to correct these issues. By 2010, Toyota recalled 7.7 million vehicles, 5.4 million from floor mat replacements, and 2.3 million for gas-pedal re-assemblies (Jennings, 2012 Pg.
It is not healthy for one to wake up every morning just to worry about a drunk driver hitting them. It causes depression, fear, and fury towards the situation they are put in. By choosing to drive while under the influence an individual is signing a contract to put everyone else 's life in danger. One may not realize how friends and family are affected after this dreadful occurrence. An achievable solution to this major problem is that all cars should have a breathalyzer test them in order to start the car because drunk driving is such a problem in today’s society.
The lack of accuracy in the quantitative measures for the output and the value created by information technology has made the MIS manager’s job of evaluating investments particularly difficult. (Kemmerer and Sosa, 1991; Schneider; 1987). Academics also had the problems of accessing this new technology, which in other hand turned to create a negative value. Some researchers concluded that information technology also had negative impact on productivity. Dedrick et al (2003) “studies have failed to identify the relationship between the information technology investment and the firms profit.
Thus an important reminder is that theory of reconstructive memory was developed by Bartlett based on this work. The theory nonetheless does not intent to discredit all memories, terming them as inaccurate. In fact, some researchers such as Gallo (2006) established that some reconstructed memories are usually very accurate. However, the instance of flashbulb memories being fully accurate are questionable, since as earlier mentioned, the great deal of emotion experienced during the actual occurrence of the event might trigger biological in addition to psychological process, which may in turn affect the cognitive process associated with developing and retrieving memory. However, the fact that some reconstructive memory might be true should motivate psychologist to strive and find a way of determining whether a memory is true or false (Postarino & Doyle-Portillio 2013).
Loftus and Palmer found that changing the wording of one critical question ("About how fast were the cars going when they (hit/smashed/collided/ bumped/contacted-the five conditions) each other?") posed to eyewitnesses of a car accident had a significant effect on the estimated speed of the vehicles. Loftus and Palmer found that estimated speed was influenced by the verb used. The verb implied information about the speed, which systematically affected the participants' memory of the accident. Those who were asked the question where the verb used was "smashed" thought the cars were going faster than those who were asked the question with "hit" as the verb.... ... middle of paper ... ...bt as to how relevant the research is to real-life EWT, as the research tends to focus on insignificant details that can be easily distorted whereas key details are less likely to be as easily distorted.
Another 2002 study uncovered that half of members could be directed to wrongly trust that they had once taken a hot air expand ride as a youngster just by indicating them controlled photograph "prove." Participants: Loftus has been concentrate false recollections since the 1970s and her work has uncovered the genuine outcomes that deception can have on memory. In her studies, members were demonstrated pictures of a car crash. At the point when addressed about the occasion in the wake of seeing the pictures, the questioners included driving inquiries or deluding data. At the point when the members were later tried on their memory of the mischance, the individuals who had been encouraged misdirecting data will probably have bogus recollections of the occasion.
Subjects confidentally recalled words that were not present in the given list. The association between the words and the external factors allowed subjects to create a false memory of seeing the word. McDermott was able to spot differences in brain activity from a real and false memory. Although McDermott was able to detect the difference from the outside, individuals are not able to internally recognize the difference from a real or false memory which brings into question the legality of using memory in justice system. Blame might easily fall on a victim for “lying” or rather giving into a possible answer without certainty, but the victim, however, is unable to determine the authenticity of the memory.