Extrinsic Motivation And Motivation

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Motivation is defined as the desire and action towards goal-directed behaviour (Fletcher & Garton, 2007). There are two types of motivation, intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsic motivation is when a person is essentially motivated if the desire for change comes from within the individual. For example, an individual may want to learn something because he or she is interested. Another person may want to achieve a goal or task because it is something he or she feels competent at and enjoys doing (Coon & Mitterer, 2010). Extrinsic motivation comes from outside the person because they are persuaded to do a task or they receive a reward for doing something (Brown, 2007). The incentive theory suggests that people are motivated to do things because of external rewards (Cherry, 2014).
Skinner’s (1948) research revealed that if you want behaviour or task to increase, you must make sure it is reinforced with a reward. A reward in an experiment becomes the reason in engaging in the action due to the positive consequences. In this experiment, the researcher is looking for correct answers and so if a student receives a reward for studying, they will be motivated to study for a test. Skinner’s Box included a box which had a lever and a food tray, and a hungry rat could get food delivered to the tray by pressing the lever. Skinner observed that once the rat accidently hit the button which released food, he would continually press it for the reward that followed. The rate of button pressing would increase dramatically and remain high until the rat was no longer hungry (Cherry, 2014).
Thorndike (1898) studied learning in animals and developed an experiment in which he used a puzzle box to observe the laws of learning. In Thorndike’s experiment, he p...

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... while conducting this experiment and an experimenter will assure that all student information and results is to be kept private.
Researchers value their responsibilities to the clients and the general public and avoid harm of the individual. The participants of this experiment are under the age of 18 and so must get signed parental permission. Experimenters have a duty to take care of participants while conducting the experiment and so must be careful and practice all safety procedures.
Honesty, accuracy and fairness are present in all interactions with individuals. Due to participant’s rights, students are treated with respect and have rights which must not be violated by the experimenter and their privacy must not be breached. Participants and their parents will be fully informed on the experiment so that participants are not mistreated.
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