Soon China became more economically and technologically advanced than any other nation. Through perseverance and the willingness to accept new forms of government and ideas a Country can became a great power house in the world. War, as it would seem, is a necessary evil in order for a nation to grow and excel in the world. China had great setbacks within its borders but as whole always overcame all obstacles and survived through all the changes to become one of the world’s great powers of today. Works Cited History of World Societies
And China has foreign exchange reserves of about U.S.$140.6 billion, primarily from foreign direct investment. For China's leaders, the economy is the most important factor determining future military power. The director of the political department of the People's Liberation Army's (PLA) Guangzhou Military Region described national power as a combination of economic strength and the "level of defense modernization." Chinese leaders believe that economic growth will stagnate if resources are poured into military modernization at the expense of broader economic development. There are many serious problems for China's leaders to confront if they are to maintain healthy economic growth.
But this should come with no surprise; after all we are no longer the strongest country in the world… China is. As of this moment the U.S.A. possesses the strongest economy in the world. On the other hand with its ever expanding debt and its endless money-printing, China with the flick of a finger, could overthrow the U.S in economical prowess. There are also numerous other factors that facilitate China’s ascent to the World’s superpower spot. So while many may believe the U.S.A. will forever hold the world’s reins, the truth is that all throughout history empires have risen and fallen; The time for the U.S.A. to step back and hand its power to a country like China is imminent-because of its gold backed up currency, growing education, strong independent economy and enormous wealth-this may just be for the best …or for the worst.
The Ming restoration brought about the rebirth of powerful Neo-Confucians. The scholar-gentry once again held much power in the empire. Along with this came the reinstating of the examination... ... middle of paper ... ...e, Europeans were finding themselves short of land and room for expansion due to numerous empires in a relatively small area. This led to the search for land. The political powers sought wealth and hoped to achieve this by conquering Asians markets as had been done in the west.
The US Steel Industry 1900-1940 Output increased significantly during this time period from 10million tons to approximately 70million tons. By the early 1920s, the US produced 3/5 of global output. Production was reduced in the Great Depression before recovering in the later 1930s. In the early part of the 20th century, the steel industry experienced some important changes:- Raw M... ... middle of paper ... ...production in areas other than the north and northeast illustrates something of a locational shift in the industry, but the extent of this should not be exaggerated. In 1969 the US Steel Corporation was the largest steel-producing company in the world and it accounted for a quarter of US steel production.
As Britain grew richer with the Opium Trade, open retaliation from China brewed, sparking the Opium wars (1839-1842). China lost the wars and consequently in 1842 Hong Kong island was taken under British rule, as payment for the money lost in the wars. It seemed at this point that Hong Kong island will forever be... ... middle of paper ... ... strength: "â€¦China will have ten times more soldiers than Japan. In the recent period, China has launched an enormous programmes of weapons modernisation, which involved the purchase of $1.8 billion worth of Russian equipment. From 1993 China have increased its total military expenditure by 98%â€¦" Thus it can be seen that China is growing to be a very powerful nation, and soon even more powerful as the latest technology is being developed by Hong Kong.
The process of industrialisation through the introduction of a series of Five Year Plans (FYP) were successful in transforming Russia from a backward semi-developed nation to one which could match the West in industrial output. In 1928 the first FYP was introduced, this plan required heavy industry such as oil, steel and coal to almost triple in their output, and light industry would need to be doubled; this included clothes, shoes and furniture. And it would be necessary for electrical production to increase sixfold. They failed to meet this quota by the end of 1932, however a great increase in industrial production was achieved. The output of oil increased from 11.7 to 21.4 million tonnes, steel increased by 1.9 million tonnes and coal almost doubled from 35 to 64 million tonnes.
Work, which began in 1891 was finally finished in1903 (some sources suggest 1905). When it was complete it stretched for 5,785 miles, and increased Russia’s total miles of track from 13,270 in 1881 to 43,850 miles in 1913. Connecting the remotest parts of Russia to the west was imperative and had many knock on effects. For example it meant that infrastructure had to be improved, if not only slightly, so workers and aristocrats... ... middle of paper ... ... 2000 million Roubles of foreign money had been invested into the country. In conclusion it is safe to say that for a certain period of time, Witte did more for the modernisation of Russia than any one before him.
More murderous than Hitler, more powerful than Stalin, in the battle of the Communist leaders Mao Zedong trumps all. Born into a comfortable peasant family, Mao would rise up to become China’s great leader. After leading the communists away from Kuomintang rule, he set out to modernize China, but the results of this audacious move were horrific. He rebounded from his failures time and again, and used his influence to eliminate his enemies and to purge China of its old ways. Mao saw a brighter future for China, but it was not within his grasp; his Cultural Revolution was not as successful as he had wanted it to be.
From the eighteenth century through the early twentieth century, China and Japan had similar views regarding Western penetration, yet both countries responded in different ways. By subverting colonial powers, both countries had to adjust their traditional cultures, economy, and political structures in order keep up with westernization. In the past, China was always hesitant to foreign occupation and wanted to keep them out as much as possible. During the Qing dynasty, trade was greatly discouraged. China did not keep up with industrialization as much as the Europeans because they believed that their country was already prosperous and productive with its large labor force that produced everything they needed.