Extended Responces

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1. (A) Cabinet Departments have broad areas of responsibility, and are typically divided into smaller agencies which handle specific tasks. For example the Department of Justice which contains agencies such as the FBI, DEA, and US Marshalls. While the function of a government corporation is to perform services for the public such as USPS, Amtrak, & FDIC. Agencies that handle one specific function or area of national interest are known as Independent Agencies, for example, the CIA’s function is Gathering Intelligence. (B) The government grants the bureaucracy discretion to make policy because it lacks expertise, which leads Congress to usually only set general guidelines when it passes a law. This is also due to the tendency of problems to be clear-cut but solutions are more ambiguous, yet congress is under pressure to act. The bureaucracy is also given the power to implement rules and regulations by congress. (C) Interest groups and congress exert control and influence over regulations developed by bureaucratic agencies by using their power of the purse to cut an agency’s budget, by passing laws to alter programs or administrative regulations, refusing to confirm agency leaders, and using its oversight to investigate an agency’s practices. Lobbyists try to convince congress to protect their favored agency &cut others. (D) Many Americans HATE the bureaucracy, this is not only due to the enormous size, but mainly to do with bureaucratic pathologies such as red tape, conflict, duplication, imperialism and waste. Red Tape is the never ending supply of conflicting rules, paperwork & procedures that must be followed to get anything done. Waste is simply the bureaucracy providing unneeded products or services. 2. (A) In the budget proces... ... middle of paper ... ...ance to families with uninsured children whose incomes are modest, but too high to qualify for Medicaid. • Welfare’s goal is to improve the quality of life/ living standards for the underprivileged, which can extend to cover not only the poor but those who are disabled, students, elderly, and unpaid workers (ex. Caregivers). (B) The main sources of funding for entitlement programs are tax revenues and state funding. (C) Entitlement programs are already facing many problems from proposed cuts, new stricter regulations, and of course funding. One of the man issues with funding is take for example Social Security, the elderly population is growing at a rate so rapid that those in the workforce (whose numbers are comparatively shrinking) cannot keep up when there used to be 5 workers to offset one recipients benefits the ratio is now closer to 2 workers per beneficiary.

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