accompanied by a questioning of the very nature of the moral: Is there an impartial criterion that enables us to know objectively what one ought to do, or do our moral intuitions rest solely on subjective, arbitrary grounds? With the lure of divine command theory fading from the Enlightenment and onwards, modern moral philosophy can be seen as an attempt to uncover either the criterion or its nonexistence. An endeavor in which few can be said to have been as influential as Immanuel Kant (1724-1804)
Hughes & Julian 2007:426). This functional exposition forms the foundation for Durkheim, Marx and Weber’s sociology of religion explored within this essay. Each theory will be examined in regards to the role religion plays within society and illustrated with an example of religious belief or practice. Examples utilised are predominantly Western constructs of religion, as the three main theorists each originated from Europe, and as such, their theories encompass predominantly Western ideology.
Lie in the Theories of the German Idealists? ABSTRACT: In the wake of the postmodernist onslaught one thing is certain: morality is in crisis. Where are we to look for answers? Perhaps to the German idealists—that is, to their bold synthesis of right and freedom. This paper seeks to bring the timely issue of absolute freedom and the possibility of its total realization back into ethical-political discussion. Through a close comparison of the theories of Fichte and Hegel via a critique of the former