This disordered rule led Miguel hidalgo y Costilla, a creole priest, to organize a revolt to declare Mexican freedom from Spanish rule; however, he was eventually captured and executed in 1811 (Tindall & Shi, 2010, pg. 386). This did not dissuade the creoles from continued efforts to gain independence from Spain. With the new found freedom in 1821, Mexico struggled to establish and maintain a secure government. Control in the country was mainly localized and ripe with corruption.
The Mexican government has been successful at upholding substantive and procedural methods of government yet it has been failing in participation and responsiveness. The current government allows elections and reforms to be implemented when civil society has called for them, but civil society, although becoming more active,has not been able to keep the privileged elite political class accountable (Nytimes 1). The electoral reform laws that took place in 1994-1996 allowed for better transparency and fairness while voting (Stoner and Mcfaul 263). These laws as well as the devaluation of the peso had voters turn against the PRI which inevitably let voters to form a new party (Stoner and Mcfaul 262). The success of a new party in 2000 allowed for a democratic transition but the inertia has been lost and democratic consolidation isn’t possible unless certain problems are addressed.
Greedy for greater land, the Americans wanted to colonize the vacant land of Texas. Moses Austin, in an attempt to start a colony in Texas, asked Mexico for permission, and they responded positively to his son Stephen Austin due to Moses¡¯ unfortunate death (Sanchez 16). Soon the American¡¯s population rapidly grew into the tens of thousands and spread widely in the large frontier. However, Mexico, feeling apprehensive about such quick expansion, attempted to contain such growth. The Americans felt greatly unwelcomed and their distaste and dissatisfaction with the Mexico¡¯s law started to create a friction that would later bring about the Texas Independence.
Exploration and colonization of North and South America were ultimately not beneficial in the 15th and 16th centuries because it wiped out many cultures and did more harm than good. First of all, the Europeans forcibly converted the Natives to Christianity. This had a great negative impact because it resulted in the loss of native cultures. Over time, many Native American languages started to disappear from common use and English took over. Many may argue that colonization and exploration were important because of the Columbian Exchange that arose from it, however diseases and the slave trade also came from the Columbian exchange.
The failed presidency gave conservatives the opportunity and reason to start a rebellion against the liberal government, which led Santa Ana to stage a coup against the liberal government. The coup was able to obtain government control under Santa Ana. During his presidency, Santa Ana imposed Las Siete Leyes to restruct institutions, remove federalism, return power to the political elite, political blueprint of ... ... middle of paper ... ...greed on what’s best for Mexico in terms of their goals. Today Mexico continues its disagreement on what’s best for the country and its people. Liberals and conservatives continue a political war with its politics from its current constitution.
During the 18th and early 19th centuries, Americans encouraged free and open immigration until the late 1800’s when the population of immigrants rose and the economy was heading a downfall. The reaction in America was to put the blame on illegal aliens because they believed they were at fault. Americans were losing their jobs to the mexicans that didn’t mind being payed less. They also struggled to find jobs because most employers would hire the mexicans. They were also targeted because mexicans didn’t have to pay taxes but still used the resources that the government offered.
But the earliest revolt was led by Martin Cortes, an illegitimate son of Hernan Cortes. From this point many of the plots of revolt goal is to end the Spanish rule which was based from Criollos or Mexican born Spaniards. These plots had been mainly approaching those who are Mestizos that were deprived of the most basic political and civil rights, to help them with their cause to end Spanish rule. The Revolution for the Mexican Independence began when Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla freed the prisoners in the town of Dolores and called the people to rebel by ringing the church bells on Sept 16, 1810. But sadly his influence was over when he was tricked and caught by the Spanish authority which ended up in an execution on July 30, 1811.
Although the tactics in which he employed to stay in power so long were unsavory, he made significant social and economic changes in Mexico. He was able to pacify the people by doing just enough to keep them from rebelling, and completely transformed their economic system. According to Tutino, Díaz failed by trying to change Mexico to the gold standard. Díaz changed Mexico by redistribution of land and was able to make Mexico a player in the global economy. During his reign the people in Mexico had food and water and minimal self-sufficiency.
Mexico responded by breaking off diplomatic relations. President Tyler left the office as the 10th president before he was able to purchase Texas, so President Polk as 11th president continued with the campaign to buy up Texas. The Annexation included the territories of California and Oregon. The Mexican-American War played a vital role which led to the occupation and eventual expansion of the Un... ... middle of paper ... ... they had owned for centuries, in the end it cost Mexico lives and land. The United States knew that Mexico was a weaker nation so by using their military force they were hoping to coerce Mexico into giving up the lands because Mexico stood no chance against the might of the United States military force.