Exploring Why the USSR Signed an Agreement with National Socialist Germany Rather than Great Britain and France in August 1939

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Exploring Why the USSR Signed an Agreement with National Socialist Germany Rather than Great Britain and France in August 1939

A. Plan of Investigation

As the Great Purges were nearing an end Stalin had gained more freedom

to pursue foreign policy goals, as internal opposition had been dealt

with. In 1939, the USSR was having simultaneous talks of a possible

political military alliance with the British and the French on one

hand and Nazi Germany on the other. This investigation seeks to

determine why Stalin’s Soviet Union chose to side with the Germans,

who’s fascist ideology, was seemingly incompatible with the Soviet

ideology of Communism. Firstly this investigation will seek to

establish Stalin’s foreign policy objectives in the late 1930s, and

then it will go on to determine, why an agreement with Germany was

best suited to fulfill these objectives. The primary time frame that

this investigation will consider will span from the Munich Conference

in September 1938, to the signing of the Nazi-Soviet Pact in August

1939.

Word Count-144 words

B. Summary of Evidence

* In 1936, during an interview Stalin stated that that the USSR does

not have territorial ambitions.[1]

* Excerpts from contemporary Soviet literature[2]:

‘We shall go to the Genghis river,

We will fall in fierce battles,

So from Japan to England,

Brightly can my homeland shine.’

-Pavel Kogan

‘There will be only a Soviet nation

And one – Soviet people.’

-Mikhail Kulchitsky

* In the late 1930s Stalin declared a European War to be inevitable,

‘expecting his country to enter it late and on the winning side’[...

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Silakalne. Riga: Zvaigzne ABC, 2004. P488.

[6] Ibid, P489.

[7] [7] Vulfson, Mavrik. Baltic Fates. Comp. Emma Bramnika. Ed. Emma

Bramnika. Trans.

Geoff Murrell. Riga: Bota, 2002. P29.

[8] Ibid, P27.

[9] De Jonge, Alex. Stalin and the Shaping of the Soviet Union. New

York: William Morrow, 1986. P360.

[10] Vulfson, Mavrik. Baltic Fates. Comp. Emma Bramnika. Ed. Emma

Bramnika. Trans.

Geoff Murrell. Riga: Bota, 2002. P 53.

[11]Corin, Chris , and Terry Fiehn. Communist Russia Under Lenin and

Stalin.

London: John Murray, 2002. 254-264.

[12] Vulfson, Mavrik. Baltic Fates. Comp. Emma Bramnika. Ed. Emma

Bramnika. Trans.

Geoff Murrell. Riga: Bota, 2002. 27-66.

[13] De Jonge, Alex. Stalin and the Shaping of the Soviet Union. New

York: William Morrow, 1986. P358.

[14] Ibid, P359.

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