As World War I was heading towards its end Russia was focusing on internal issues. Led by Vladimir Lenin the Bolsheviks embarked on a campaign against the war. Using propaganda which focused on trying to turn the allied troops against their officers Lenin looked to inspire a socialist revolution. The Bolsheviks were also fueled by the poor conditions of the Russian Army. Nicholas II, in a letter to his wife Alexandra, admitted the obstacles that the Russian Army faced, "Again that cursed question of shortage of artillery and rifle ammunition - it stands in the way of an energetic advance."
In November of 1917 a radical Marxist called the Bolsheviks seized power in Russia overthrowing a democratic government. The United States strongly opposed the Bolshevik regime. The United States was angry that the Bolsheviks pulled Russia out of the War against Germany (WW I), and that it intended to spread its revolution to other countries. (5) During World Wa... ... middle of paper ... ... came quickly. After signing the charter, president George Busch for a happy, but tired world when he said, without fanfare: “We have closed a chapter in history, the Cold War is Over.” (33) On level the Cold War had some clear winners.
Russia’s involvement in the war, which was not thought highly of by most of the people in Russia, opened the door for this group to build its ideas and then gain support. An example of this is that when earlier in 1904 to 1905 Russia had involved itself in a war against Japan. This conflict alone had brought the country to an almost reason to begin a revolution. These types of things are reasons of why extremists groups came to be. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels were the two men who founded the idea of communism in the 19th century.
The Civil war in Russia in which Western powers unsuccessfully intervened, dedicated to the spreading of communism. This fueled an environment of mistrust and fear between Russia and the rest of Europe. The United States pursued a policy of isolationism; however the situation became one of dislike rather than conflict. Stalin was afraid of oppression he tried to form an alliance with the democratic Western powers against Nazi Germany. This plan failed and in nineteen- thirty nine Stalin signed the Nazi-Soviet pact with Hitler.
Alexander high... ... middle of paper ... ... dictatorship of Communists instead of “a dictatorship of the proletariat,” as Marx desired and encouraged. Russia faced many struggles however; the people finally got together to create a revolution. The first revolution, the March Revolution, got rid of the brutal czarist reign however; it did not create a good form of government that favored the common people. The second revolution nearly achieved this, however due to a small agreement the leader made with Germany, it caused some people to oppose his ideas; these people created a new party, the White Army, and started to fight with Lenin and the Red Army. This caused a civil war in Russia but in the end, the Red Army beat the White Army, and there were many economic and political reforms that occurred after that; this was highly beneficial for the people.
Lenin believed that a government should really represent the people of Russia, therefore he aimed to overthrow the Russian government because it was said to be the cause of misery in Russia. After being put in exile for sedition, Lenin returns to Russia after news of the February Revolution. The revolution was created from built up tension and Russia being under repression and unrest for a long period time. As a result the Tsar abdicated from the Russian Empire and the making of a Provisional Government. This made Lenin's plan to overthrow the government much simpler.
In a memorandum to Colonel House, a key foreign policy advisor to Wilson, Reed attacks any move of intervention was as an alliance with the enemies of freedom. He places Russia as the democratic force and America as a phony democratic symbol (representing liberation and acting against it) . Eventually, Wilson and other Allied powers sent forces to Russia to liberate a stranded Czech Legion. These forces also supported the anti-Bolshevik White Army in the Russian Civil War. Reed rails against this intervention as imperialistic and for the
Just as the Tsar left Russia, Shulgin also left the country for the increasing threat of the Bolsheviks. Through his memoirs, the Duma deputy showed his readers not only the increasing spark of revolution, but also why he didn’t agree with all of his parties’ rightist views. It was for the better of all of Russia, not just the workers and peasants, or the nobility. Perhaps that is why he cared for the soldiers in the Great Retreat, or fought for the Bolsheviks in the Duma: the same radicals that would (in due time) eliminate the parliament. Bibliography Mawdsley, Evan.
McCarthyism spawned for the country’s new found terror of Communism known as the red scare. McCarthyism was an extreme version of the red scare, a scare whose ends did not justify the means. The Red Scare happened twice in the history of this great country. When the communist took over Russia in 1919, the American people were unnerved. They were afraid of a communist take over in the states.
He also passed the Decree on P... ... middle of paper ... ...ussia and accused Kornilov of treason. Kornilov, along with other prominent generals, was tried in court. The Kornilov affair shattered Kerensky’s relationship with the army and gave the Bolsheviks fresh hope for a takeover. In October, when the Bolsheviks seized power, Kerensky pleaded with the military to help him defeat the oncoming Bolsheviks. But Kerensky would receive no help from the army, allowing the Bolsheviks to take control of Russia unopposed.