People are now malnourished since they decide to take food that they were going to eat and feed the cattle and goats with it. Some who can’t even afford their own food eventually take grass from their roofs to feed the cows this then leaves the people living in adequate shelter. Review of article 2 “Horn of Africa sees 'worst drought in 60 years”. Drought is one of the natural disaster that develop slowly one might not even notice. Droughts tend to last a long time.
We created myths and spirits in an attempt to explain the patterns of nature (Druyan).” According to Fox, Drought came also be seen as a slow- motion train wreck. We still have a very short time to get the people off safely before the crash. This drought is causing long dry period in regions were rain fall is usually frequent enough. From there this drought is turning to more like a famine because the area in drought is so huge and is causing much conflict for the survival of the people (2011). These areas include Somalia, southern Ethiopia, and northern Kenya.
If there was too little rain, plants withered in the fields and people went hungry. If there was too much rain, floods swept away whole villages. In most ancient cities, people retrieved water from a river or a central well. They dumped wastes into open drainage ditches or carted them out of town. ... ... middle of paper ... ...d prepare their wheat and barley fields.
The impacts caused environmentally are: Losses or destruction of fish and wildlife habitat, Lack of food and drinking water for wild animals, Increase in disease in wild animals, because of reduced food and water supplies, Migration of wildlife, Increased stress on endangered species or even extinction, Lower water levels in reservoirs, lakes, and ponds, Loss of wetlands, More wildfires, Wind and water erosion of soils, Poor soil quality. All these impacts are shown in Nigeria where there was a drought that was marked as one of the worst droughts in history. The Sahel dessert drought was there for almost 10 years, which affected Nigeria massively. This drought has affected many people in Nigeria, the rain shortage killed many crops in that part of the region and left many people with bad harvests, which led to people starving and sharing very little food. Most of the people had to travel about 5kms to find the nearest water pond for fresh water.
The farmers were careless in their planting of the crop, caring only about profit, and they started plowing grasslands that were not made for planting. Because of their constant plowing year after year and the lack of rainfall, the soil was quickly losing its fertility. With unfertile, dry land, the wheat crop started dying, and then blowing away with wind. Due to the improper farming, along with a long drought, dust storms made life in the Dust Bowl very burdensome. During the 1930's, the Great Plains was plagued with a drought, a long period of dryness, which brought demise to many of the farmers in the region.
Since 1977 to date over 600,00 people have died from starvation, another 19 million are starving, and 150 million are begin to feel the pull of no where to turn for the nourishment they are beginning to lack. Another problem recognized is the Tsetse fly. This little insect is a big problem among the livestock of the farmers in Africa. This fly carries a deadly serum which when introduced to the cattle it grows into a panasomiasis parasitic infection. As mentioned before this rapidly kills the mammal infected and therefore reduces the size of the herd.
They cause water and food shortages that have negative effects on the population. Droughts can last for a few months or even years and are known as the ‘creeping’ hazard because they develop slowly and have a prolonged existence. Droughts are very difficult to predict, but researchers are working on advanced warning systems and trying to find a way to predict the lifespan of each drought. The three main hazards of a drought are communicable diseases, famine, and death. Communicable diseases are caused by the lack of water supply, sanitation, malnutrition, displacement, and the hig... ... middle of paper ... ...isconsin Board of Regents, 1986.
In fact, there is no water flow through the rice fields, the soil will be cracked by drought and the river also dried up. Thus, they cannot get water and food to survive. This means it causes hunger and it also leads to spread of diseases. When people do not have enough water to drink or cook, they would not use water to maintain hygiene. Forest fires are also common during drought.
As time passed, other economies grew, while the agriculture economy diminished by half in just 50 years and was overtaken by the manufacturing industry. (Doc G) Farmers struggled for success and support, but instead received very little of either. According to the Agricultural Department, the summer of 1894 brought many hardships to the crops nationwide. Crops in South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee, Illinois, Wisconsin, and Minnesota all were damaged by droughts, while New Jersey crops suffered from an abundance of rain. Temperatures and insect also devastated the crops.
Soil Conservation Soil is highly useful to us. We grow plants and trees in it. It holds the trees in place and supply nutrients and water to the plants to grow. The top soil is very healthy for plants to grow, and therefore, farmers take good care of the top soil for better yield. However, a strong wind or heavy rains can easily remove the fertile top soil.