Exploring Multiple Personality Disorder

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Exploring Multiple Personality Disorder In popular culture, Dissociation, and Dissociative Identity Disorder (previously known as Multiple Personality Disorder--MPD) is considered a very exotic, rare and enigmatic psychological phenomenon (11). It seems that, especially in the media and entertainment, multiple personality disorder is stigmatized by a number of quite florid and nearly hysterical symptoms. Clinically, however, Multiple Personality Disorder has been recognized for centuries and is currently estimated to exist in 1% of the general population (1,8), and as much as 7% of the population may have suffered from a dissociative disorder at some point in timem (9). Currently, DID (MPD) is most generally defined as a disturbance in the normally integrative functions of memory, identity, and consciousness (1,7,9). Most simply stated, MPD/DID is manifest as an inconsistent sense of self or "I" (7). Interestingly, it has been established that MPD/DID is actually one of many dissociative disorders and falls on a continuous spectrum of dissociation which ranges from normal/common dissociative episodes to "poly-fragmented" DID (1,9). Researchers and clinicians believe that dissociation is a very common and naturally occurring defense mechanism, which results from early childhood trauma. Full blown DID or poly- fragmented DID (more than 100 personalities) is characteristically a result of severe, and prolonged occurrences of physical, sexual, or emotional abuse occurring before the age of 12 (and often before the age of 5) (1,8,11). In theory, the developmental processes behind DID are a result of resorting to mental 'escape' from the traumatic situation (8). This is essentially achieved when neither fleeing nor fighting is... ... middle of paper ... ... identity Disorder (Multiple Personality Disorder) http://stone.he.net/cgi-bin/error404 9)Dissociation and Dissociative Disorders http://www.mentalhealth.com/mag1/p5h-dis1.html 10)Dissociation and the Fragmentary Nature of Traumatic Memories: Overview and Exploratory Study, By Bessel A. van r Kolk and Rita Fisler http://www.trauma-pages.com/vanderk2.htm 11)The Effects of DID on Children of Trauma Survivors, By Esther Giller http://www.sidran.org/casa.html Additional Interesting Articles: 12)Dissociation http://www-med.stanford.edu/school/Psychiatry/PSTreatLab/dissoc.html 13)Questions About Multiple Personality http://www.mentalhealth.com/mag1/p5h-ds01.html 14)Child Abuse and Multiple Personality Disorder, By Philip M. Coons, M.D. http://wchat.on.ca/web/asarc/mpd.html 15)ISSD-Guidelines for Treatment http://www.issd.org/isdguide.htm
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