Explaining Diversity

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Explaining Diversity The history of humanity has shown that the influences of a select few, charting their ideas of what is right and wrong, pure or dirty, black or white may all influence cultures; but these principles do not follow a certain direction. Rather, with the continuance of culture through time, the principles have diverged human experience into thousands of different cultures. In Biology as Ideology, the argument of genetic determinism arises; ones genetic makeup and other biological factors are the main determinants of individual behavior. This theory is greatly reliant on a culture looking for a direct cause and effect relationship between the genetic makeup of humans and social ability. Like this belief, the Origin Myth in Malanowski's "Magic, Science, and Religion" explains how a certain Indonesian culture, namely the Trobrianders, explains their creation by using stories, experience and presentation. They argue there was an underworld world previous to life on Earth where social inequality already existed. Moreover, the channel that molds human behavior in "Magic, Science, and Religion" and Biology as Ideology as well, is seen to be internal; although the striking difference is that the Trobrianders rely on past events to establish truths in their lives while biological determinism finds truth by arguing genes determine cultural differences. Both texts read that the creation of culture stems from psychological factors that are innate, but the important difference lies in why these myths were created and the cultural significance they hold. The concept of genetic determinism in Biology as Ideology is explained by how, "We differ in fundamental abilities because of innate differences that are biologically inhe... ... middle of paper ... ...ions as a story of their creation, but it also provides the charter for life in which they live. Genetic Determinism explains that genes cause social behavior in order to explain and allow them to accept inequality. Both describe and form truths that explain difficult cultural problems that are best described as "an active force" by which they live. Both ideologies are similar in that they believe in an "innate" culture, but they argue from completely different premises to arrive at the same ends; both are charters for how they view the present World to be perfect. The Trobrianders have shown their environment has produced this difference while genetic determinism argues genes have made their environment. In one sense this makes these cultures very much alike. At the same time, it contrasts these cultures to have very different purposes and ideologies respectively.
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