Cancer is very prevalent in America. It is one of the many diseases still left without a cure. Men and women all the around world are affected by this disease as it continues to spread. There are many different types of cancer that impact both men and women such as pancreatic, lung, breast, skin, and many more types of cancer. Bailar and Gornik say that despite decades of basic and clinical research and trials of promising new therapies, cancer remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality (1997). Whether you are male or female, cancer has the ability to terminate any one’s life.
Cancer is defined as the unregulated growth of abnormal, mutated cells in the body. Yet perhaps the more routine understanding of the disease is its seriousness regarding an individual’s health. Cancer comes in numerous differing forms that collectively hold cancer as the second leading cause of death in the United States according to the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention. An array of cancers can affect any organ system in any person no matter the gender, age, or race.
The lights are bright and the air is warm as the doctor walks in. As she sits down, her expression quite worrying, the room suddenly feels cold and imprisoning. As she begins to explain the results of the mammogram, the feeling worsens. The patient feels a sudden wave of nausea as the doctor tells her how there is a tumor growing in her left breast. This scenario plays out for too many women and men in the United States and worldwide. Thankfully though, due to much advancement in the technology of chemotherapy, patients suffering from breast cancer have been benefited greatly.
Cancer is one of the 9 National Health Priority Areas (NHPA), areas which account for a significant portion of the burden of disease, but have sizeable potential for improvement. In Australia, CRC is the second most common cancer, after prostate (in men) and breast cancer (in women) (AIHW, Cancer incidence projections). The incidence has gradually increased (by 13% in males from 1982-2007) (AIHW, Cancer in Australia an overview). This is compounded by the ageing population and population growth, with 14,860 new cases in 2010 (http://www.cancer.org.au/about-cancer/types-of-cancer/bowel-cancer). This graph demonstrates this upward trend ((AIHW, Cancer incidence projections):
There are many different type of cancers, there are also many different types of treatments. One of the most known types of treatments would be chemotherapy. Chemotherapy can be used for a wide range of different types of cancers and diseases, and each of the different types of cancers or diseases require a different group, and sometimes order, of chemicals to properly treat the cancer or disease. These chemicals include: Alkylating agents, Antimetabolites, Anthracyclines, Topoisomerase inhibitors, mitotic inhibitors, corticosteroids, and more. Each of these drugs previously listed have its own cancer type(s) or disease(s) that it can assist in treating. Some of these cancers include: Leukemia, Lymphoma, Hodgkin disease, multiple myeloma, sarcoma, also types of lung, breast, intestinal tract, prostate, gastro intestinal, and ovarian cancers. However these chemicals and chemical mixtures can have their side effects.
Maitra Anirban, Hruban Ralph H. Pancreatic Cancer. Annu Rev Pathol. 2008 ; 3: 157–188. doi:10.1146/annurev.pathmechdis.3.121806.154305.
Today’s scientific research and advancement in both knowledge, understanding, and battling of cancer, patients now have a better chance at successful treatment of their diagnosis, and living a longer, happier life in the face of cancer.
Give Us Feedback. (2012, April 3). NCI Cancer Bulletin for April 3, 2012. Retrieved March 16, 2014, from http://www.cancer.gov/ncicancerbulletin/040312/page3
What treatments are the most effective to curing cancer? Cancer has become a very common illness which has affected more that 12 million people over the world since the 1970’s (Ahmedin, 2011). The diagnosis of cancers has been on the increase and many new kinds are being discovered. There are over 200 different kinds of cancers, most of which many people are unfamiliar with. Each type of cancer has different symptoms and many are diagnosed differently.