The 1820 Missouri Compromise Slavery and the Civil War Research Task- Describe the role of the 1820 Missouri Compromise in the campaign against slavery! The 1820 Missouri Compromise played a large role in the campaign against slavery. In 1819 Missouri became a statehood and congress considered framing a state constitution, with this a representative attempted to add a anti-slavery legislation with it. This is what started the process of the campaign against slavery. Henry Clay made a large contribution toward this compromise in 1820, with his new ideas on how to settle the conflict between the North and the South, which lasted until 1954.All the compromise’s made from 1820's to the Kansas Nebraska compromise in 1854, were all factors which led to the civil war.
Never before had the South so vigorously defended slavery against the onslaught of northern offense. When the bill was first proposed in 1819 the number of free and slave states was equal at 11. When the debate got underway, Taylor and Tallmadge stated the argument strongly for the restricitonists, and Scott, Missouri’s territorial delegate, for the right of unqualified admission. Upon such a controversy, Missouri’s favor was already maintaing slavery in its border and the population warranted statehood. By the compromise of 1787 Missouri would have become a free state because of the majority being North of the Ohio River.
The Controversial Decisions of the US Government in History In 1804 the United States takes formal possession of what is now Missouri. In 1820 After fierce debate, Congress admits Missouri as a slave state. The question of Missouri statehood sparks widespread disagreement over the expansion of slavery. The resolution, eventually known as the Missouri Compromise which allowed Missouri to enter the union as a slave state along with the entrance of the free state of Maine, preserving a balance in the number of free and slave states. The Compromise also dictates that no territories above the 36o 30' latitude can enter the union as slave states.
Western expansion and the Louisiana Purchase both led to the formation of the Missouri Compromise because more states started applying for statehood, and this distorted the balance between the slave and free states. Division between the North and South increased as a result of the Missouri Compromise. It created a line that separated the Union and set it to the path of Civil War. At first, the North and South saw the compromise as a successful document that maintained the balance between the number of slave and free states; however, when the Union gained more territory through Mexican War, Congress decided to modify the existing compromise. Finally, the repeal of the compromise made the final push that led to the explosion of animosity between the North and South, which led to the Civil War.
The controversy over how slavery would be extended into these new territories as they petitioned to become states were the major political crisis’ that eventually lead to the Civil War. Popular sovereignty participated in building the tension between the north and the south; popular sovereignty was a doctrine that stated that the sovereign people of a territory should themselves determine the status of slavery (Kennedy 378), the new doctrine, the Kansa Nebraska act, undid the Missouri compromise which stated that no states could enter as slave states pass the 36030. With this new act Kansas was allowed to determine, itself if it was going to enter the Union as a free or slave state. Fearing that the balance of power in the senate would be thrown off, if Kansas entered at a free state, southerners started moving into the territory to try and dominate the vote to be for slavery. However, at the same time northern settlers were moving to the territory to try and keep it a free state.
Another solution to this problem was created by Henry Clay called the Missouri Compromise. This would allow Missouri to be slave state, but would enter Maine as a free state to balance the number of slave and free states. It also restricted slavery north of 36 30’ latitude which was Missouri’s southern border. Congress approved, and passed the Missouri Compromise in 1820. The states were balanced, but this compromise was a factor for the civil war because the North was still against the expansion of slavery.
It also caused the Democratic Party between the North and South to split, while the new Republican Party fought to end the expansion of slavery. Supporters were sent into Kansas by Abolitionists and proslavery elements in an attempt to settle the issue regarding the expansion of slavery. In the 1850s, Kansas was admitted as a slave state through fraudulent voting after a war by Presid... ... middle of paper ... ...pation Proclamation did not make this same exception. The Emancipation Proclamation proved to be a monumental step during the Civil War. Lincoln was afraid, however, that his proclamation could by annuled by the courts.
Mason noted, "By ... ... middle of paper ... ...ans. With the perception of blacks jaded in both the north and south, a removal from the European dominated society was a legitimate option. The resistance of Americans to the spread of slavery further into the union was not a sudden paradigm that cropped up because of Missouri entering a slave state. Mason makes a compelling and more conclusive argument to the beginnings of the American abolitionist movement. Tensions between free and slave states were inevitable when the morality of slavery was first questioned.
The union faced its first obstacle when the decision to admit states arose. Maine, Missouri and new territories recently gained, known as the Louisiana Territory, each applied for admission into the Union. At the time the south lead the senate in votes by a slim margin; moreover, Maine was admitted as a free-state, while Missouri was admitted as a slave-state. It was also decided that none of the Louisiana Territory would permit slave labor. The Missouri Compromise of 1820 triggered a negative reaction from both sides: the abolitionists despised the expansion of slavery in Missouri, while supporters of slavery desired more land than Missouri that allow... ... middle of paper ... ...weighed it options and each statem, one-by-one, seceded, in the hopes that slavery would be preserved.
Tempers raged and arguments started because of the Missouri Compromise. The simple act caused many fatal events because of what was changed within the United States. It may not seem like a big thing now, but before slavery had been abolished, the topic of slavery was an idea that could set off fights. The Missouri Compromise all started in late in 1819 when the Missouri Territory applied to the Union to become a slave state. The problem Congress had with accepting Missouri as a slave state was the new uneven count of free states and slave states.