Expansion Of Reconstruction And Expansion

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Reconstruction and Expansion Essay Test After the Civil War, the South rejoined the Union. However, because of what they had done, they had to accept the consequences. The South did whatever they could to resist reconstruction, mostly because it benefitted the former slaves and handicapped the southern whites, including forming groups and ideas to restore white power and plotting to be in charge politically once again. Reconstruction had an extremely positive effect on former slaves. The Freedmen’s Bureau was formed, a group that helped former slaves get education, medical care, find jobs and even reunite families. The 14th Amendment was passed, which stated that all people born in the US are citizens and took away the 3/5 Compromise. In…show more content…
Amendments were passed that banned confederate officials from state or federal office unless approved by two-thirds of Congress. After ten southern state governments were declared illegal, the south was divided into five districts, all ran by the US military. The South despised this reconstruction and did everything in their power, and then some, to restore white power in the south. First, they formed the Ku Klux Klan as a social group for confederate veterans. It quickly took a turn for the worst and became an anti-black anti-Radical group whose goal was to regain white power. Most of what the group did was secret, so it was called the “invisible empire of the South.” The men in the klan dressed in white robes and cone shaped hats to represent fallen confederate. They used violence to get what they wanted. A popular sign that the klan used to show their next target was burning a cross on someone’s front yard. The klan burnt homes, lynched blacks accused of crimes, and did whatever they could to achieve their goal which was “a white man’s government by white men for the benefit of white men.” Even after the election of 1876 in which Rutherford B. Hayes ended reconstruction, the South was still trying to gain more power. They discouraged blacks from voting by forcing them to take literacy tests, which they would not pass, or putting a tax on voting, called a poll tax, which they could not pay. Also popular, was the grandfather clause, stating that if one’s grandfather could vote, then so could they and vice versa. The southern people of that time would never be okay with not having all the power they could possibly

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