The North Atlantic Treaty was signed on April 4, 1949 by 12 independent nations. Membership is similar in that the members are countries. UN has 188 member countries, while NATO has 19. The Countries that belong to NATO are Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Hungry, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom, and the United States. Those countries are also members to the UN.
Today, these 19 countries make up the alliance, which may be looking to add new members. NATO was formed as an alliance in which all the members agreed to help each other defend themselves against outside threats. These main outside threats were the recently defeated Germany and the powerful Communist Soviet Union. An old saying by one of the early leaders of NATO says, “NATO exists to keep the Americans in, the Russians out and the Germans down.” The North Atlantic Treaty consists of a preamble and 14 articles. The preamble states the purpose of the treaty: to promote the common values of its members and to “unite their efforts for collective defense.” Article 1 calls for peaceful resolution of disputes.
By cooperating, pooling their resources, opting for multinational solutions and specializing, NATO and the EU can improve their chances of acquiring the military capabilities they need for their operations. Secondly, the US attitude towards the construction o... ... middle of paper ... ...l of International & Comparative Law, Feb 01, 2003; Vol. 31, No. 2, p. 355-384< http://library.ucd.ie:50080/ebsco-w-a/ehost/detail?sid=1b4da043-249c-4912-9950-03a4155cb2aa%40sessionmgr4002&vid=1&hid=4204&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=ofm&AN=502510677> access 14 April 2014. 10.
Creation of NATO The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is a regional defense alliance created by the North Atlantic Treaty. NATO's purpose is to improve the strength, well being, and freedom of its members through a system of collective security. Members of the alliance agree to defend one another from attack by other nations or by terrorist groups. NATO has its head office in Brussels, Belgium. "The North Atlantic Treaty was signed on April 4, 1949, at the beginning of the Cold War."
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization is a regional defense alliance that was created by the North Atlantic Treaty. It original signatories include: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, the United Kingdom, Iceland, Italy, Luxemburg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, and the United States. Other countries were admitted later, including, Greece and Turkey, in 1952;West Germany, in 1955; Spain, in 1982; the newly unified Germany, in 1990; and Hungary, Poland, and the Czech Republic, in 1999. Today 19 nations are full members of the alliance. In the years between 1939 and 1945, many western leaders believed the policies of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) threatened international stability and peace.
In 1946 the US and UK air forces reached “an agreement to continue their wartime partnership in man power, strategies, gear and investigation” (Baylis 1977, p.70).Also in 1947, “further agreement was also reached on an extension of co-operation in officer exchanges for training purposes” (Baylis 1977, p.70). The US and UK also got shared access to each other’s military information. Since World War II, the US has been an important part in guaranteeing the UK’s safety and protection. The US kept a large amount of troops in Europe throughout the post-World War II years, when economically overwhelmed countries faced the risk of the Soviet Union. By keeping troop in Europe this helped lower the UK’s military costs (Baylis 1984).
European Union Enlargement Eastwards The European Union (EU) is one of the Russian's key partners both in an economic and a geopolitical sense. EU-Russian relations are built on a partnership basis. Both sides acknowledge the importance of relations between the EU and the Russian Federation and express their mutual desire to strengthen and develop these relations further. On September 5, 1998 the EU presidency issued an open-ended statement on Russia during the Salzburg informal meeting of foreign affairs ministers. The EU presidency statement expressed the importance of a politically stable and economically sound Russia as a "vital" partner for the EU at a global and regional level.
Grieco (1995, p.21) states that CFSP was established under the 1991-1992 Maastricht Treaty and Common Security Defense Policy (CSDP) established in 1999-2000. Involvement in creating the policies has enabled them to shape the security policies adopted across Europe. In addition, both nations joine... ... middle of paper ... ...s for wartime military cooperation with the West during the Cold War, and why they withered over time. Diss. King's College London (University of London) :p.1-9 Tertrais, B., 2004, "The changing nature of military alliances."
The Soviet Union had annexed the independent Baltic nations of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania and after the war quickly took under control almost all of Eastern Europe. The last straw was the communist takeover of the Czechoslovakia in 1948. This created the immediate need for the creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. On April 4, 1949, four years after W.W.II this plan for "Partnership for Peace" was brought to action. In Washington, DC, twelve countries signed into alliance in one of the most important international actions of "The Cold War".
He put the plans in motion for Ireland to join; in 1962 in Brussels at a Member of the Governments meeting he gave the following statement, “Ireland belongs to Europe by history, tradition and sentiment no less than by geography. Our destiny is bound up with that of Europe and our outlook and our way of life have for fifteen centuries been moulded by the Christian ideals and the intellectual and cultural values on which European civilisation rests. Our people have always tended to look to Europe for inspiration, guidance and encouragement.” He laid the foundation for Ireland through the accession process; in his speech he further talks about reasons for Ireland to join the EEC. In his statement he also brought forward the Agriculture of Ireland and how it would benefit from the CAP, the economic arrangements with the UK, he expressed wishes to join at the same time as the UK if they were successful in the accession also. He explained that Ireland already exports to the EEC members and will encourage a multilateral trade agreement such as seen in the Treaty of Rome.