Globalization is becoming a reality. Education with other services has entered the ambit of international competition. Border and increased demand for higher education especially in developing countries like India as increasing demand and process of globalization of higher education institution should make themselves ready for the competition in the process of globalization of higher education. The new paradigms involved are creation of intellectuals of world standards and also training of skilled manpower at mass level without compromising on quality. Preparing students to accept, face and overcome emerging challenges, extreme commercialization and profit motivation have been pressurizing education system in such a way that foreign partners have expanded their market immensely.
Nowadays, British universities tend to realize the importance of internationalisation in higher education and become formally committed to international students. For instance, St. John University in York is keen on meeting the demands of operating in a worldwide environment and as a consequence is offering international students several scholarships to become increasingly international. Within the above context, the impact of internationalisation in higher education has been considerable and continues to grow as a way of attaining globalisation. With globalisation, a massive demand for international students and recognized academic is generated to achieve international competitiveness in higher education. As if this is self-evident, globalisation would range from broad foreign policy interests to more specific concerns of economic development, all of which can be served by the skills and intellectual expertise found in higher education.
The recent situation shows that the world moving in confident steps to more of globalization in everything. Regardless the government opinion, people become aware more and more about the role that the globalization can play to developing their countries. The globalization seems to have converted the developing countries into real identical – advantaged nations that are positively participating in the planetary economic system, Kunnanatt (2013, p51). Moreover, this essay will argue that globalization has enabled countries to develop for the next three main reasons: it has a positive impact on education quality and education systems, it help develop the economic situation and extend the infrastructures for developing countries. To begin with, globalization brings significant improvement to the education system around the world.
While globalisation presents new opportunities, it also increases competition and polarises societies. It is imperative that our youths stay informed of local and global issues, and develops the competencies to respond to global trends and the emergence of technological advancements. In 2010, the Ministry of Education (MOE) introduced the 21CC Framework.1 This can be seen as strategic when placed “in the context of developing the intellectual capital of young citizens in order that Singapore thrives in the new environment” (Lee, 2011, p. 508). because mastery of 21CC will likely bring about benefits at the individual, economic and societal level. “Human capital development and a consistent insistence on its relevance to socio-economic growth was a key driver of education policy and practice.” (as cited in Gopinathan S. & Mardiana A.B., 2013, p. 22).
INTRODUCTION The world has recorded an improvement in the living standards over the last millennium, most of which can be attributed to the embracing education around the world. Education is a powerful instrument with a huge potential to increase opportunity for individual, community, and countries. It involves the refinement of human resource to explore its infinite potentials to achieve sustenance. It has huge potential to increase human capital in the labor force and also improve the innovative capacity of an economy. Because of the significant impact of education to economic development over the years, early scholars even acknowledged education as a very relevant form of investment in human capital and continue to propose means to explore its effectiveness to improve economic growth and eliminate poverty.
The alteration of "traditional" societies of the underdeveloped countries into the "Western" ones of the developed countries is what will make our world a better place. Through this process not only are we allowing interdependence among nations we are expanding our knowledge of each other. Our children, who are the lifelines of our future, are emerging into a new world of global homogenization. Resources: Robinson, Maisah. "How Globalization Is Transforming International Relations."
Also, economic globalization and advances in technology have significantly increased market competitiveness. Consequently, innovation, R&D, and education are three extraordinary opportunities for the Dominican Republic that need to be interconnected as a necessity to develop the human capital required for building the society of the future. In this context, several studies indicate that investment in R&D will foster the capacity to create, spread, adopt, and adapt knowledge in ensuring long-term economic growth and sustainable development. A higher productivity level based on innovation promotes economic growth, creates employment with better levels of remuneration, reduces poverty on a sustainable basis and raises general living standards. The creation and spread of knowledge is carried out by government, businesses, universities, research institutes, and nonprofit organizations.
The indent globalisation is leading the Asia Pacific Region, and indeed all the world, to a revolution in the production and trade of goods and services, knowledge and innovation, in work and education and in relations among nations and local cultures (UNESCO, 2009). In order to adapt to the rapid advance of technology: Education, whether formal, non-formal or informal, should be the means to enable full participation in the transformation of society. In economies such as in the Asia Pacific Region, formed by an incomparable variation of political characteristics and a great diversity of culture and languages, the education system should be tailored to the local context. It should play an important role not only in empowering citizens but also in reinforcing their humanistic, ethical and cultural values (Zhou and Sun, 2001). The aim and the scope of this essay is to analyse critically how education can empower and transform people of the Asia Pacific Region, where incongruity has been detected between the values promoted by Western education and the visions, values, beliefs and world views of people from this region.
Obsessed by this global trend, many countries around the world are revitalizing their public sector to make it more efficient and more service oriented by introducing technological innovation within its organizational structure and practices for accelerated service delivery to citizens. ICTs is seen as an effective tool that can help government reinvent itself, run cheaply, faster, better and produce new outcome (Heeks,1999) . It has been noted that ICTs provide great development opportunities for Africa in the area of poverty reduction, wealth creation, citizen participation, as well as improving livelihood. The nexus between ICT and government is increasingly being recognized and researched. Although, traditionally ICTs have been used in business and other fields, government around the world are beginning to embrace and deploy ICTs in public domain because they have come to realize that ICT is a useful tool that can enable public agencies to change from routine-based, command-and-control organizations that are inwardly focused on administration to knowledge-based, networked, learning organizations that are externally focused ... ... middle of paper ... ...ping countries.
For industries and organization, developing and introducing new service is very crucial and become the significant method to increasing competitiveness. According to the literature, many of the companies are product–focused and there is a need for better understanding of innovation in the service sector, especially because of globalization companies try to shift from product –oriented toward service –oriented (Spohrer & Maglio, 2008), as an important factor at a micro-level. Build a sustainable source of