Exotic Setting and Its Relevance in Shakespeare’s The Tempest and Twelfth Night

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Introduction Exoticism is the essential part of Shakespeare’s Romantic comedy. In fact, the word ‘exotic’ was first used in 1599 to mean ‘alien, introduced from abroad, not indigenous’. By 1651 its meaning had been extended to include ‘an exotic and foreign territory, ‘an exotic habit and demeanor’ (OED).As a noun, the term meant ‘a foreigner plant not acclimatized’. During the nineteenth century, however, the exotic or the foreign, increasingly gained, throughout the empire, the connotations of a stimulating or exciting difference, something with which the domestic could be (safely) spiced (Ashcroft et al., 2004: 94). The key conception here is the introduction of the exotic from abroad into a domestic economy. Exotics are the significant part of imperial displays of power and the plenitude of empires. Moreover, the term ‘exoticism’ includes remote or distant setting, high imagination and improbabilities, land of love, deception, master-slave relationship, song and music, and various romance and comic atmospheres. William Shakespeare (1564-1616) is a playwright who successfully uses the term “exoticism” in his romantic comedies. So, Shakespeare’s The Tempest and Twelfth Night are the plays which are abound with various exotic elements. Shakespeare skillfully handles these exotic elements in order to create romantic comedies. This article is concerned with exotic setting of The Tempest and Twelfth Night and its relevance to romantic comedies. Post-colonial view Exoticism is a post-colonial term which deals with the various effects of colonization, master-slave relationship, hegemony, awareness about the self and others. According to post colonialism; colonizers are more than the colonized. Language itself is the second area of c... ... middle of paper ... ...hn-gillies-la-trobe-university John. R.Shakespeare and His Comedies. London: Methuen & Co., Ltd., 1957. John Gillies “The Open World : The Exotic in Shakespeare,” in Shakespeare and the Geography of Difference, La Trobe University.. http://www.enotes.com/topics/william-shakespeare/critical-essays/john-gillies-la-trobe-university Jurline T. Franklin. “Magic and Music, Revenge and Reconciliation: The Tempest”. Ortiz Middle School p.97. Kermode, Frank, ed. 1958. The Tempest by William Shakespeare. The Arden Shakespeare. 6th edition. London: Methuen. Matthews, H.M.V. 1962. Character and Symbol in Shakespeare’s Plays. Cambridge: Cambridge U Press. The Tempest - study guide http://www.universalteacher.org.uk/shakespeare/tempest.htm Unsettling AustrIllyria: Twelfth Night, Exotic Englishness and Empire http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/10486800902986319

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