Existentialism In The Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka

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“Nothing is so painful to the human mind as a great and sudden change”-Mary Shelley-Frankenstein. Humans are creatures of natural routine. Whatever is done in a day to day life becomes a routine. Individuals take pleasure in having control of their lives and creating their own road maps and paths through their own beliefs and philosophies of life. One may see happiness and devote it as their lifestyle, as another may look at the optimism in everything -- half air, half water -- technically the glass is always full -- and their life benefits from that always positive outlook. Franz Kafka's work demonstrates that the attributes of the conventional society mistakes as life's meaning -- success, social position, power -- are ultimately insignificant in the vast scheme of things. Existentialism acknowledges the meaningless of life and the muddled lives of each and every person. It challenges the frenzied nature of people’s lives’ and reduces it to bare bones by relieving the subject of the cage of routine. The main character of Franz Kafka’s, The Metamorphosis, Gregor Samsa, looks towards the philosophy of existentialism when he finds himself turned into a giant insect one morning. Ultimately this attitude becomes a way of survival in his torturous life.
Gregor’s transformation and existentialist outlook shows parallels to the author, Franz Kafka’s, own life. Born in the nineteenth century, Kafka was a very intelligent young boy. However, he spent most of his life shying away and feeling demoralized by his overbearing father (Loveday). Kafka openly and straightforwardly reflects upon countless amounts of negative aspects of his personal life, both physical and mental. The relationship between Gregor Samsa and his father is in several ...

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...entialism was a necessary response to the grim life for Gregor, as opposed to a chosen philosophy.
Had both Kafka and Samsa followed any ideal other than existentialism, their lives would not have been the same. They may have been negatively affected by their circumstances. The acceptance of the existential philosophy portrayed in the novel illustrates a cause and effect relationship between a person situation and their life philosophy. Existentialism is a viable emotional self-defense mechanism, as any other method, when it is acquired out of necessity in any dreadful state. Due to the antipathetic and ambiguous ending, Kafka was disappointed with his literary work, and The Metamorphosis was not the only one (Corngold). In a way, it is safe to say that because Franz Kafka closely related much of his work with his own life, he disapproved of the life that he lived.
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