Existential Psychology: Existential Needs Individual And Social Character

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PSYCHOLOGY TERM REPORT

GROUP MEMBERS:
1) Hadiqa Malik
2) Humaira Munawar
3) Ayesha Zahid
4) Danish Khan
5) Imran Khan

TOPIC: Existential Needs Individual And Social Character

SUBMITTED TO: Sir Ajab Lashari

EXISTENSIALISM
Existentialism is about to find the answer of human existence that why they exist in the world. It is responsible for the freedom and responsibility of the individual. It takes about the needs of human beings and their social character. Phenomology is the study about the experiences that we faced in our lives. It emphasizes that how the individual perceives his or her world. Existential psychology used this term to study about the about the belongings of personality like the choices that human beings
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Is also ignoring the theory of manipulation and control of human beings for scientific purposes.
EXISTENTIAL NEEDS INDIVIDUAL
AND SOCIAL CHARACTER

THE CONDITIONS OF HUMAN EXISTANCE: The most important part of human existence is the dual nature of human beings. We have psychological needs like animals i.e. self-awareness but our rationality, imagination and reasoning on laws of nature have made us superior to animals. We are tied by nature and we cannot get rid of it but at the same time, our mind forces us to challenge the laws of nature that animals cannot do. Thus, we are aware about our limitations but we also cross them, sometimes.

HUMAN NEEDS:
When we explore the problem of human existence. We also find our needs which is physiological needs (food, drink, shelter, sleep, sex, homeostasis and excretion). Enrich Fromm gave us two set of needs:
• Relatedness-rootedness, transcendence, unity, identity: these are the needs that reflect
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We use our cognitive skills to think for alternatives and we select a best from it and set goals and values for which we are do efforts.

EXCITATION-STIMULATION: In this need human need some activities which active human nervous system. We have not only a basic stimulus but we have another stimulus which helps to activate our nervous system like music and poem. For this we engage with some activities. These activities are productive, continuing response rather than one time response.

EFFECTIVENESS: It is the need to understand the existence of other human beings. It is the need to accomplish something.
SUMMARY OF HUMAN NEEDS:
SETS OF NEEDS POSITIVE ASPECTS NEGATIVE ASPECTS
RELATEDNESS LOVE DOMINATION
TRANSCENDENCE INNOVATION DESTRUCTIVENESS
ROOTEDNESS INTEGRITY FIXATION
IDENTITY UNIQUENESS CONFROMITY IN GROUPS
ORIENTATION FRAME RATIONAL OBJECTIVE IRRATIONAL

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