Exercise And Resistance Training Guidelines For Children

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1. Introduction In recent times it has become an ever so common a reality and point of knowledge that children and youth (adolescents), living in countries considered to be developed or so called “first world” in nature, experience obesity and extreme levels of being overweight that have begun to reach epidemic levels of concern. This phenomenon is common in part to the fact that many young kids in recent times do not exercise or take part in rigorous physical activity. In fact, it is noted, Westcott (2003:1), that children are less enthusiastic in participating in any form of exercise, often 20 to 30 minutes in duration, which places a strong sense of work ethic on endurance. Having mentioned the above, conventional exercise routines and fitness methods, to improve one’s cardiovascular activity, may not be the most practical for youngsters dealing with weight issues. Before going into the guidelines of strength and resistance training recommended for children, it is important to understand just what resistance training is all about as well as how it is beneficial to not only children but people of all ages. According to Lee and Carroll (2007:1) resistance training is termed as voluntarily contracting one’s muscles against a weight normally heavier or equalling more resistance than that experienced in normal activities. In this type of training it is observed that strength capability is increased through training within the nervous, as well as muscular, system. According to Westcott (2003:1) strength adaptations and exercise offers numerous advantages and benefits for youngsters, over and above any other form of training adaptation. It is also seen to be more enticing for many children as a primary preference of physical acti... ... middle of paper ... ...to eventually be able to do more calisthenics type of exercises. In closing, while there are numerous concerns regarding children and strength training programs, the reality is that the positives for outweigh the negatives. Strength training is of benefit to children, and even helps in their development into adolescence and adulthood. Works Cited Lee, M and Carroll, TJ (2007). Cross education: possible mechanisms for the contralateral effects of unilateral resistance training. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17190532 (accessed 02 March 2014). Strength Training by Children and Adolescents (online). 2007. Available: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/121/4/835.full (Accessed 02 March 2014). Westcott, W (2003). Strength Training For Kids (online). Available: http://www.ideafit.com/fitness-library/strength-training-for-kids (Accessed 02 March 2014).

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