Examples Of Satire In A Modest Proposal

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Satire is a genre of literature in which shortcomings are ridiculed and mocked, usually in a humorous way, with the intent of causing improvement. Jonathan Swift’s “A Modest Proposal” is highly regarded as one of the most effective satires in the English language. He uses satire to mock the wealthy and their tendency to consume everything in their sight. While A Modest Proposal bemoans the bleak situation of an Ireland almost totally subject to England's exploitation, it also expresses Swift's utter disgust at the Irish people's seeming inability to mobilize on their own behalf. Is Swift just having fun, or does he have something serious to say? Swift is actually quite serious, he knows that there's something rotten in the state of Ireland, and it's not the food. Swift is calling out the fat-cat landlords who stuff themselves silly as their tenants starve to death in the streets. The poverty and overpopulation isn’t unique to 18th century Ireland, this is a world wide epidemic. Poverty is created by prejudice and inequality, uneven distribution of resources, and corruption, all themes Swift attacks with satire in his essay. Prejudice and inequality comes from someone’s ideals about another group characteristics, whether it is race, gender, religion, or social class. A good example of this is the way Adolf Hitler viewed the Jewish people. Victims of this prejudice may not get to enjoy the same social and educational benefits as the other social group. Instead of channeling resources to help those at need, the governments of these countries choose to treat different races and creeds with prejudice and will treat others with less favoritism. Hence, this leads to poverty(Povertyhci). Swift demonstrates religious prejudice by using... ... middle of paper ... ...he children already. Swift is a wealthy man and is aware of the privileges that come with wealth. He criticizes his peers for using their power and wealth for selfish purposes. He wants them to find their empathy and use their power and money for good. Swift believes that power and greed are forces of corruption; however, he believes in the power that humanity holds. His willingness to write A Modest Proposal shows his optimism. Swift's sole purpose in writing this satire is to get people talking, moving, and doing just about anything but sitting around and being selfish and vain. He sees that the corruption, prejudice, and uneven distribution of resources are causing the poverty in his Ireland. His satire tries to spur rich readers to action by providing both sickening examples of suffering and a ludicrous solution, since he knows that facts alone are ineffective.
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