How can u have a fight for justice and equality, when not everyone is allowed to participate? I found another source which was called Feminism is For Everybody written by bell Hooks. Its focus was on her opinion of the feminist movement and how she felt it too was focused on the white middle class. When the movement opened up and extended themselves to other groups there was still a large problem. Many of them assumed that every other group was fighting for the same thing, and if they weren't well they should change views because there way was the "right" way.
Ava Videl, a writer for the Telegraph, writes, “The main thing intersectionality is trying to do, I would say, is to point out t... ... middle of paper ... ...rk) Feminism and the ideals of intersectionality are everywhere, and continue to spread. The activism and rallying of the feminist ideals are far from over. Intersectional feminism is without doubt one of the most important movements of our time. The evaluation of oppression as a whole is finally gaining speed across the globe. Women of color, queer women, and other women who stray from the previous image of white cisgender women feminism common in the previous waves are making their voices heard and coming together.
Feminist’s are pioneering the way for women’s rights, challenging long standing cultural beliefs, creating greater access to education and the political arenas, and initiating change for new ideals. (Golmbisky 90) Many of the once male dominated fields of the workforce now include women based upon the efforts of individuals and a plethora women’s groups and organizations. (Golombskiy 93). The benefits accomplished through feminism are based on a number of ideas that have been philosophically embraced. The motto of the many different types of feminism stem around the concept of gender equivalency and for feminists this has translated into seeking gender equality.
Feminism is known as female-centered revolving around the empowerment of the female in an exceedingly patriarchal society. The feminist movement was essentially comprised of theories originating strictly from a white woman’s perspective to serve the needs of other white women. Feminist saw men as the principal enemy restricting them from any attainable agency. They fought for equal rights for white women in jurisdiction via organizations like the national organization for women (CONSTITUTIONAL EQUALITY FOR ALL WOMEN, 1995). In contrast to the way white men have oppressed white women, women of the African descent have always been equal, and in some cases superior, to their male counterparts due to the fact both have been partners in the struggle against oppression.
The subjective diversity among women is duty-bound through gender, social status, and transnationally. Gender is the theoretical influence in society. The influential concept has become the crucial focal point through which a hypothetical approach d... ... middle of paper ... ...l treaties and standards leaving superior ground to transform. However, upon the global commitment to women’s rights as human rights conveyed a new resonation in feminist theories amid the local and national levels. Therefore, the transnational connections became operational where support for a particular demand exists locally; however, the manifestation is constrained in states that are either indifferent or oppressive towards women (p. 75).
“Feminism is both an intellectual commitment and a political movement that seeks justice for women and the end of sexism in all forms” (Baptiste). Just as in the past, feminism continues to act as a controversial issue among men and women. In the 1960’s, women finally addressed workplace inequity and created woman organizations to achieve equality. In the early 1960’s, the Equal Pay Act and the Civil Rights Act set a milestone for women’s progression towards work equality. Though women have made great leaps towards true equality, women still face many challenges and continue to be categorized as the subservient gender.
For hooks, Sandberg is just a rich white lady who no idea about poor-middle class black women/women of color. hooks believes that, “We must understand that challenging and dismantling patriarchy is at the core of the contemporary feminist struggle- this is essential and necessary if women and men are to be truly liberated from outmoded sexist thinking and actions” (662). hooks thinks that Sandberg’s vision of individual women leaning in at the corporate table does not include any clear statements of which group of women she is speaking to and about. hooks criticizes Sandberg’s text saying that it offers the reader no understanding of what men must do to unlearn sexist thinking (663). Another point with which hooks critics Sandberg’s book as a hole is, “She is simply taking old ideas and giving them a new twist” (664).
The battles that white women face are not comparable to the battles that African American women face. One’s race has to be taken into consideration when thinking about someone’s life experiences. Intersectionality has made me think about my own privilege as a white woman. I may face certain obstacles because I am not a man, but I still have the privilege of being white. I can read about different forms of oppression that African American women have faced, but I cannot properly relate or fully understand the struggles.
The Black Feminist movement is a movement that has been going for many years all the way back to slavery, in this I will analyze the reasons why this movement is important and what is the purpose of separating the two feminist movements. Black feminist theorist and activist Pearl Cleage defines feminism as "the belief that women are full human beings capable of participation and leadership in the full range of human activities--intellectual, political, social, sexual, spiritual and economic"(Collins). With this it is very easy to slip into the cracks and lose sight of true meaning. When I interpret this definition, I think women should be equal in all contexts of life so why is there a need to clarify another movement specifying on the black race? ... ... middle of paper ... ...at black women cannot relate to the white privilege many original feminists obtain.
Furthermore, it is through self-definition and assertion that women of the African diaspora come together to fight for freedom, justice, and equality. Whether through colonialism or feminism, White people have always insisted on their way of living as the correct way. Moreover, Whites often travel to other worlds in order to bring civilization and to save the savages from themselves. Traditionally, many White feminist scholars have not included Black women voices in their circles. This historical suppression of Black women’s ideas has had a pronounced influence on feminist theory (Spurlin, 2010).