Examples Of Informal Fallacy

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Arguments are weakened when the conclusion does not go along with the premises. An informal fallacy is a mistake in reasoning that occurs in ordinary language and is different from an error in the form or structure of arguments. There are three categories of informal fallacy; fallacies of relevance, fallacies of unwarranted assumption, and fallacy of ambiguity. For the purpose of this research, I will only focus on fallacies of unwarranted assumption and fallacy of ambiguity.
An assumption is a statement that we believe is true. At times we have proof to support our assumptions sometimes we just be believe it is true with no evidence. If a person told you that California had a minor earthquake yesterday you would most likely believe them
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Stereotypes are nothing but those assumptions that have become everyday knowledge. Each and every time you make opinions about people without knowing them, you are stereotyping them. Stereotyping causes people to oversimplify things. Though there are both positive and negative stereotypes, a majority of them are offensive. People generally stereotype out of bias against a particular group of people or religion. Stereotyping becomes a way of conveying their dislike. Of course, stereotyping stems from a commonly held view of a particular group or race. This view may arise from an incident or false assumption, and then maybe used to color the entire community with the same brush. There are various types of stereotypes. However, the most common ones are racial stereotypes and gender stereotypes. Race, nationality, gender and sexual orientation are the main factors of stereotyping. Stereotyping must be avoided at all costs, as it leads to treating groups as a single entity.
The word fallacy is imprecise and confusing. Fallacy usual means "mistake" or "error". A fallacy is normally used to mean a common factual error. Logical fallacy and factual fallacy are in the same group; both are types of mistakes commonly committed by people. Factual fallacies, obviously, are mistakes about factual matters, while logical fallacies are not errors of fact, but errors of reasoning. Therefore,
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For example, Every day, I have bacon and eggs for breakfast. Once, I had a bagel instead, and there was an earthquake in my town. I have eaten bacon and eggs ever since. The speaker seems to have the irrational belief that the earthquake was their fault, because it concurred with the unusual occurrence of having eaten a bagel for breakfast, despite there being no logical connection between these events.
An ambiguous term, expression, or sentence is one that has two or more distinct meanings. The correlation between the propositions included in a particular argument will be sure to maintain only if we are careful to use exactly the same meaning in each of them. The fallacies of ambiguity involve a misperception of two or more different senses.
An equivocation operates upon the use of an ambiguous word or phrase in one of its meanings in one of the propositions of an argument but also in another of its meanings in a second proposition. For example, John wanted to meet up with Mike, but his car broke down. The “his” is ambiguous and could refer to either John or

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