The Application of Utopia in Brave New World Aldous Huxley's Brave New World illustrates the loss of morality when established standards are replaced by amoral criteria. In his novel, Huxley criticizes the practical applications of Utopia in actual society. Huxley's depiction of love, science, and religion support the ineffectiveness of implementing Utopia in everyday life. In Brave New World, Huxley shows contempt for the human emotion of love. The people that make up his imaginary society have no conception of love or any other passion, and actually scorn the idea.
Nihilism, the rejection of all religious and moral principles, often in the belief that life is meaningless can lead to chaos and suffering of a society. With Crime and Punishment Fyodor Dostoevsky portrays that Russian nihilism, a philosophy based on extreme rationalism, will never successfully exist because it inherently contradicts human emotions, through the relentless examination of Raskolnikov’s experiences in a Marxist society. In his own personal philosophy, Raskolnikov’s alienation from society leads him to believe that he is superior to all, such isolation impelling him to form single sided concepts about society. Initially Raskolnikov attempts to hide himself from encountering others in the world around him, “Raskolnikov was not used to crowds…he avoided society of every sort, more especially of late” (Dostoevsky 9). His close mindedness shuts himself off from interacting socially, but more importantly, intellectually with others, ultimately leads to forming beliefs based solely upon personal biases.
1984, by George Orwell, is a novel that is ultimately about a totalitarian form of government and it's negative aspects that it imposes on society. The readers clearly see that George Orwell opposes this form of government because it limits not only freedoms, but the idea of freedom itself. The idea of pure freedom is shattered as we see the protagonist's mission to overthrow Big Brother fail. Big Brother may have not even been real. However, the fear that this imaginery person/ organization imposed on society was real.
This is the world in which Winston Smith is caught in. He is different from the others and in a civilization which does not approve of individuality, Winston is targeted by the government from the beginning. Being different in this populace only means rebellion and that exactly is what Winston sets out to do. Winston believes that although he must conform on the outside, that no one can take his individual thought away. Winston's individuality is the only hope for human nature for he questions the most basic principles of the regime, a thoughcrime.
This place was not Utopia to John “the Savage,” it was rather a place of hell and torment which none of the things he enjoyed and loved existed. In the novel, freedom of the individual will is one of the fundamental beliefs at the root of human ideals. While the environment or the public world (society) plays some part in forming the psyche of an individual, it is in the end, the choice of the individual (John) to be who they become The whole concept of Brave New World contradicts to everything John ever believed in. John came from a world where art and expression of variation from the society existed. People must face their problems and overcome them, and love requires commitment and is greatly appreciated.
In George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-four, the prodigious sovereignty of Big Brother eradicates any indication of humanity, as well as any qualities that shadow it. The protagonist, Winston Smith, continually seeks to rebel against Big Brother’s ideas of erasing humanity. Winston himself is an outlier within the society, consistently depicting the humanizing qualities Big Brother aims to delete, such as individuality, curiosity, and pleasurable sex. By performing the activities he enjoys as per his human nature, he is rebelling against Big Brother and their desire for a dehumanized society. The ability to be yourself humanizes and creates individuality.
In Native Son, Richard Wright uses characterization and symbolism to underscore his theme of how American institutionalized oppression of blacks creates human tragedy for those oppressed. Yet, the novel is not an attempt to merit our sympathy or empathy for the condition of repressed blacks, it is to illustrate how the nihilistic attitude of blacks like Bigger Thomas is the direct result of white repression of differences in non-white cultures. In other words, Bigger's only option is death because the society which has created him has given him nothing else to care about, nothing he can call his own, no chance to explore any of his potential. Thus, he turns to violence as an expression of identity which is what his reaction to reading the newspaper expresses. When he reads the article in the paper, he exclaims to his mother, "No!
Finally, the destruction of the American Dream is also caused by the lack of solidarity of this society shown in the novel. Lack of solidarity reflects the extremes of careless people and their lack of values. Therefore, in F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel "The Great Gatsby", the American Dream faded away due to, materialism, infidelity, and lack of solidarity that suddenly emerged. In "The Great Gatsby", materialism is one of the greatest causes of the American Dream's destruction. This society is completely full of materialistic values and only cares about what people think of their appearance.
George Orwell’s “Nineteen Eighty-Four” is a chilling, extremely unsettling novel. The dystopian novel describes a totalitarianism system of authority, in which the “Inner Party” enjoys absolute power and seeks to control all aspects of human life. The novel revolves around Winston and his honest views of the state of his society. When I first started reading the novel, I initially felt frustrated. It seems to me that the novel consists of ignorant people who chooses to blindly accept whatever the Inner Party tells them.
Winston Smith, the narrator of the novel, lives in a dystopian society where he and every other citizen struggle to maintain their own personal identity. The author suggests that individuals may struggle to maintain personal identity in a totalitarian government due to the lack of diversity this is because identity can only exist if the environment allows it to. Although if