Examining the Correlation Between More Schooling and Better Health

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The second article under consideration is discussing the correlation reflects causality from more schooling to better health. For example, past studies suggest that years of formal schooling completed is the most important correlate of good health; however, the relationship may be traced in part to reverse causality since a longer life expectancy increases the payoffs to investments in schooling and since healthier students may attend school for longer periods of time (Grossman, 2008). In this study, the author’s strategy is to select several older papers that point to or question causal effects. The author deals with the empirical literature on the relationship between an individual’s own health and own schooling or between child health and parents’ schooling (Grossman, 2008). Researcher examines time-series data on completed schooling, infant mortality, and age-adjusted mortality in the United States population between 1910 and 2000 (Grossman, 2008) in order to show the trends in the health and educational attainment. The author includes sample size of 50 observations in the infant mortality equation (first regression) and 49 observations in the age-adjusted mortality equation (second regression) and each of the regressions contain an intercept and a cubic time trend (Grossman, 2008). The author also uses his older study which includes data deal with illness an injury and on restricted activity days in a nationally representative 1963 United States survey conducted by the Center for Health Administration Studies and the National Opinion Research Center of the University of Chicago (Grossman, 1972b). The author develops a model in which schooling causes health, which looks at two approaches. The first one is Productive effic... ... middle of paper ... ... affect the true outcomes. Moving to the strengths in the external validity, the data collected in this study is relatively recent and policies in United Stated are very similar to Canada or North American. For the weakness, policies in US are very different in Western Europe that may provide different outcome. Also there still have argues on the time preference as the omitted variable. For example, an increase in schooling may cause the rate of time preference for the present to fall (Becker and Mulligan, 1997 p. 287). The data may not represent current education and health patterns, since there are significant changes between 2000 and today, for example, changes in GDP, income level, returns to education and the value of health gains. Works Cited Grossman, Michael. 2008. “The Relationship Between Health and Schooling.” Eastern Economic Journal. 34, 281-292.

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