The Contrasting Views of Roger Williams and John Winthrop People immigrated to America for many reasons, most people shared in the same ideas of going to the New World to start new lives away from England. Roger Williams and John Winthrop both joined in the Puritan dissent to New England, but while they were living in Boston, Massachusetts they did not agree on several matters. These two men had contrasting views when it came to Christianity, separating from the Church of England and religious liberty. First, Roger Williams does not believe that Christianity was the only religion of God. He believes that God created human beings and endowed them with the inborn right to make choices in the matters of faith.
How can the particularly monstrous slave owners who possess such a despicable stance towards slaves portray themselves to be fully devoted Christians? In this interpretation, Frederick Douglass attempts to address the issues between slavery and Christianity that he had to undergo during his era as a slave. He reveals how the slaveholders during that time span aimed to make a connection by linking the two in order to justify their misbehavior and wickedness towards slaves. Their behavior was undeniable to him and he was repulsed by the way they had no courtesy for the truth of religion. This made him interrogate his faith and judgment in Christianity an insufficient number of times.
American literature flourished throughout the colonial period. Some of their works such as poems, short stories and other works of their writings had most colonials inspired to work on their new home. They spoke about things such as religious freedom, which was one of the main reasons for them leaving their country to find a better country in which they could establish themselves in without having to worry about others who did not share the same believes as them wanting to harm them. Puritans had believed that every man was born into sin and could only be saved if he glorified god. Just like Jonathan Edwards, many believed that these sinning men of which did not fall under the command of God deserved to be thrown in hell as he said in his “Sinners in the Hand of God” sermon.
He even argued for them later on that because the Christian doctrine preaches against stealing, the State of England should not seize their land. After having founded the First Baptist Church of America, Williams struggled to defend his personal beliefs. Then in 1644, Williams received a charter from the King of England to colonize there Indian lands. Later on, Rhode Island became a popular place for the Quakers and Jews who were fleeting from religious persecution. Although his views of being a Baptist and a seeker contradicted that of the Puritans, Roger Williams preached throughout the Rhode Island colony of religious toleration.
Slowly more and more members made their way to America in search of purification of the church. Although the main reason for coming to the New World was to escape religious rigidity of England and to create a utopian society based on the true teachings of the bible, the puritans had created a society that was just as unrelenting as the religious and political practices that they had left. The Puritans wanted to be a society that would set an example to others by honoring god and living a moral life, and while they did create a society that flourished economically and politically, their religious views lead to that of intolerance and inequality. The Puritans believed in the basis of family and social harmony. Their homes were the center of their livelyhood and were relied upon for their food and income.
Before comparing the judgments of the Suffolk County Court and the testimony against Bridget Bishop one must understand the key points in the Arbella sermon. John Winthrop realized that starting a colony across the Atlantic Ocean with about 5000 radical Puritans was going to be a challenge. Without a police force or strong stabilized government it was going to be difficult to keep these Puritans united in a foreign land. Winthrop was afraid that the search of spiritual freedom that had driven his people from England would also tear them apart from one another and doom their new lives as a disappointment. Therefore, in Winthrop's sermon he believed love would bring his future community together.
When the Church of England separated from Catholicism under Henry VIII, Protestantism flourished in England, however the Puritans believed the religion needed to be purified so they left. Their religious ideologies were conveyed through John Winthrop's " City on a Hill" speech, it expressed the basic ideology behind the settlement structure. It claimed that the Puritans in New England lived according to God's will and would stand together as one. Also they wanted ti prove to the world what a heavenly perfected society they can create. Their towns were well organized, with the church being the basis of everyone's daily life.
As one of the early settlers sailing west on the Arbella, he composed a sermon called A Model for Christian Charity. Winthrop’s sermon is the framework for creating the spiritual colony that he envisioned and a way to unite the people coming to a new land. The people traveling west were not from one group but rather came from many groups and backgrounds. Winthrop knew that in order to succeed in the wilderness these individuals would have to give up some of their individuality for the greater good of the colony. Winthrop felt that religion was the ultimate way to accomplish this and that Christ was the perfect model to follow.
They saw themselves as “a ‘saving remnant’ chosen by God to preserve the true faith in America and inspire religious change in England” (Henretta et. al. 53). To achieve these ideals the settlers must instill the same values they held true in their children so that future societies could lead faithful lives in New England. Since the children were highly educated in religion this directly affected the way they behaved.
They did not want their children to be raised Dutch. Also, they felt that Holland was too liberal. Although they enjoyed the freedom of religion, they decided to leave for America. Pilgrims, or sojourners, left for America on the Mayflower and landed in Cape Cod in 1626. They had missed their destination, Jamestown.