Evolution Of Industrial Relations

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Industrial relation have been a subject of major concern for quite some time, but traditionally, industrial relations is based on the assumptions that the workers and the managers are not classified as the same entity. Industrial relation has two historical meanings; one it describes the public policy and employment practices of the employers and unions and the other meaning refers to a specific academic new and certain theoretical principles. Thus this paper illustrates an approach to British industrial relation over a certain time and important changes or reforms undertaken in industrial relation by major government and unions. The paper emphasizes on how the system of industrial relations in United Kingdom (UK) is characterised and progressed…show more content…
International labour Organisation (ILO) defines “Industrial relations deal with either the relationship between the state and employers and workers organization or the relation between the occupational organizations themselves.
Industrial relation can be described as a system comprising of inputs, derived from goals, values and power of actors within the system and the outputs, comprising the financial, social and psychological rewards to employees. According to H.A Clegg, “the field of industrial relations includes the study of workers and their trade unions, management, employers associations, and the state institutions concerned with the regulation of employment”.
Since 1979, the British labour market and its industrial relations environment have changed dramatically. Therefore this paper explores various changes and evolutions in British Industrial relations. Industrial relations mean the relations between employees and employers. It is related with the industrial problems that are complicated and delicate. Some of the main causes of rapid increase in industrial problems are:
• Rapid increase in population of the
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This union developed along two lines (craft and industrial), Crafts union were an extension of the old guild system based on craftsmen skilled in particular trade (eg-carpenters). While Industrial unions were formed among unskilled workers on the mines and in heavy industry. Through the growth of its large membership, trade unions gained the ability to influence the election of government. The 19th and 20th century was characterised by extensive economic growth. During 1970s, two of the most distinctive features of British industrial relations were called into question. One was the informal way in which much bargaining was conducted and the other, the tradition of voluntarism under which collective bargaining was largely dissociated from the law. The collective agreements reached by these negotiations usually set out wage scales, working hours, training, health and safety, overtime, grievance mechanism and rights to participate in workplace or company affairs. A considerable decentralisation of collective bargaining took place after the election of Margaret Thatcher in 1979. The UK joined the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1973 and at the time the move was generally favoured by employers on the grounds and resisted by the unions. The increasing eminence of neo-liberal policy objectives in European commission has led many unionists to reassess their view of the
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