The Industrial Revolution was a drawn-out process that transformed Britain’s economy from the production of goods by hand to the production of goods by machine (Thackerary 1). During this time the number of people employed in industrial manufacturing, making many different goods, and especially making textiles, iron goods, metal waves, and pottery increased dramatically (McCloskey Int.). At the end of the 17th Century, Britain owed more to revenue demands than protectionism. After the Bubble Act of 1720, company flotation was prohibited and publically raised the capital in manufacturing (Mathias 33,34). The increase of social cost of transition to the increasingly industrial urbanized economy was due to the lack of public control over growing towns and the lags of development of essential public services, from small denomination currency to an effective police force and local government.
While reading one of the many articles describing working conditions in Britain during the Industrial Revolution I noticed that it has a very close links to the work of Karl Marx, Communist Manifesto. The things that Marx talked about in general in his work are reflected as a specific case in that article. The article I am talking about is Leeds Woolen Workers Petition, 1786. There are a lot more articles such as this one that are associated with the Communist Manifesto just as strong. But for now I want to stop my attention on this one in particular and analyze it at first to show what exact correlations it has with the work of Karl Marx.
Introduction Industrial revolution was about machines coordinated to make goods, energy from non-animal and sources that made the industry grew faster and changed all aspects of society, which was most profound effect since agriculture, Government change(Political and military balance as well as Europe as dominant power). Furthermore for most it transformed social classes and higher standard of living. This included Britain which originates the industrial revolution that was the main shift of the technological, cultural conditions and socio-economic issues that occurred in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century in some western countries and spread throughout the world. Due to the industrial revolution the proletariat’s lifestyle has
This included what was produced, as well as where and how they were produced. The Industrial Revolution replaced the Domestic System; this was when goods that were traditionally made in home or small workshops began to be manufactured in large factories. The Industrial Revolution overturned not only traditional economies but also whole societies. Economic changes caused far reaching social changes, including the movement of people to cities in search of work, the availability of a greater variety of materials, and new ways of doing business. These are a few of the several reasons why the Industrial Revolution was so important.
The late Nineteenth-century and the beginning of Twentieth –Century was marked with tremendous changes in economic development of America. Industrialization that paralleled urbanization and increased immigration for the factory labor force was the bases for the change in the economy. These changes were highly dependent on the systems that prevailed in the process of industrialization. Daniel nelson gives a detailed account of these systems in his book, Managers and Workers: Origin of the Twentieth-Century Factory System in the United States, 1880 – 1920. The growth of factory system plays a significant role in the development of modern economy.
All this sudden change came about as a result of numerous movements that occurred decades and even centuries before. The enlightenment is an example of such contributing factors. It changed the way people thought, challenging the people to seek better ways of living. The scientific advances that came about as a result of the enlightenment became a major factor in the success of the industrial revolution. The invention of machinery and the idea of mass production became a staple of the industrial revolution.
The Industrial revolution is known as a fundamental change that occurs in a society when its economy stops from based on agriculture and becomes dependent on the industry. The main features of the industrial revolution are divided into three which are: technological, socioeconomic and cultural aspects. Technological changes include the use of new materials such as iron, steel, new energy sources such as coal and driving forces such as the steam engine. Among social and cultural changes are remarkable, the increase in urban population, the development of the working class and labor movements. And the dramatic growth of scientific and technical knowledge (such as enslavement of people by the use of the machine, wars development, bombs and tanks, creation of industries that began to predominate over the agricultural system earlier.
The Industrial revolution denoted a major turning point in human social history as nearly every aspect of daily life and human society was influenced in some way. The industrial revolution was marked by a shift of power. The power source before the revolution was human power. Human and animal muscle was the driving force behind all forms of production. At first, machinery saw an increase in manual labor in the form of railway production and canal excavations.
It was a period during the 18th and 19th centuries marked by social and technological change in which manufacturing began to rely (INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION, Timeline Index). Power driven machines began to perform what people had done before. Many significant changes in the way goods were produced took place ultimately transforming and modernizing the world. The basic resources for industrialization: land, capital, and labor, were available leading to mechanization and the modern factory system changing industries such as the textile industry. Steam engines were invented, coal replaced wood and charcoal, steel was created from iron, roads and canals were improved along with railroads and the creation of steamboats advancing transportation means.
The Effect of Industrial Revolution on Britain "An industrial revolution is the term generally applied to the complex of economic changes which are involved in the transformation of a pre-industrial, traditional type of economy, characterized by low productivity and normally stagnant growth rates, to a modern industrialized stage of economic development, in which output per head and standards of living are relatively high, and economic growth is normally sustained." CIPOLLA, C.M. (1975). This essay will critically examine a number of reasons for the take off of the industrial revolution in Britain. It will critically explain a number of social changes which took place within Britain due to industrialisation.