Events that Affected United States History after the Civil War Following the American Civil War (1861-1865) the United States Congress passed the trio Civil War amendments; the 13th Amendment (1865), the 14th Amendment (1868), and the 15th (1870) Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The 13th Amendment spearheaded by President Lincoln led to the abolishment of slavery, the 14th Amendment provided citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States (including freed slaves), and the 15th Amendment granted voting rights to African-American men. These amendments did not necessarily resolve the civil rights issues in America because African Americans continued to experience unequal treatment in their everyday lives than whites in many parts of the country, especially in the South. To make matters worse, Congress passed laws that supported “separate but equal”, legalizing segregation as in the case of Plessy v. Ferguson (1896). Although, African-Americans had to deal with civil rights issues during the post-civil war era, Congress passed the Voting Rights Act in 1965 for African-Americans to vote and the Supreme Court ruled against “separate but equal” to prevent segregation in schools as in the case of Brown v. Board of Education (1954). Along with these progress made towards civil rights, America also faced challenges from Russia in technological advancement and embarked on the Project Mercury from 1959 to 1963. Following the Supreme Court's ruling in Plessy and similar cases, many advocacy groups particularly the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) founded in 1909, began to challenge and persuade Congress and other legislative bodies to enact laws that would protect A... ... middle of paper ... ...lenges in these areas, it is important to acknowledge the successes while we explore policies to make it even better. Works Cited Page Dunbar, Brian. "Project Mercury Goals." NASA. NASA, 30 Nov. 2006. Web. 21 Apr. 2014. Dunbar, Brian. "What Was Project Mercury?" NASA. NASA, 16 Dec. 2008. Web. 21 Apr. 2014. "History of Brown v. Board of Education." USCOURTSGOV RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Apr. 2014. "Project Mercury." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 21 Apr. 2014. Web. 21 Apr. 2014. "13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Abolition of Slavery (1865)." Our Documents -. National History Day, The National Archives and Records Administration, and USA Freedom Corps., n.d. Web. 21 Apr. 2014. "Voting Rights A http://www.indepthinfo.com/mercury/project-mercury.shtmlct." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 21 Apr. 2014.