Evaluaton of Ethical Theories and/or Principles and their Application in Critical Health and/or Social Care Setting

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Evaluation of Ethical Theories and/or Principles and their Application in Critical Health and/or Social Care Setting Introduction An Acute and critical clinical scenario involving life threatening conditions that requires high degree of accuracy with a very small allowable error margin calls for a quick judgement and response from intellectually and emotionally prepared social care professionals ( Stannard, Benner & Kyriakidis 2011 p. 1). In this situation, all the ethical principles are found to be in conflict with each other, necessitating the professional to use ethical theory to enable him/her in determining the relevant principle applicable in that particular situation through metalevel evaluation of all the possible clinical decisions with all their possible consequences and not merely on consequences only ( Zygmond & Boorhem 1989 p. 5). Critical Evaluation of Application of Ethical Principles in solving the identified ethical dilemma According to Stannard, Benner and Kyriakidis (2011), acute and critical patient conditions demands that the social care professionals respond with thinking-in-action (clinical reasoning while on the move). All the moral problems arising out of this situation must be dealt with autonomy, justice, non-maleficence and beneficence through careful identification, analysis and resolution whilst combating the problem at hand (Mueller, Hook & Fleming 2004 p. 554). According to Kitchener’s (1985) model as put forth by Zygmond and Boorhem (1989), critical-evaluative level reasoning, comprising of ethical rules, principles and theory, generates the required knowledge to be used in clarification, change and modification of beliefs as regard to attitudes, behaviours and perceptions of both the client ... ... middle of paper ... ...tilitarian Ethics, Department of Economics, Stanford University, CA 94305–6072, U.S.A Glod, J. (2008). Principles and Ethics of Clinical Research, Departments of Pediatrics and Pharmacology, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, The Cancer Institute of New Jersey Hinamn, LM. (2010). Ethical Theories:A Very Brief Overview,Phil.321: Social Ethics, Summer 2010, University of San Diego Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Nd. Principles of Biomedical Ethics Bulger, JW. (2007). Principlism, Teaching Ethics, Fall 2007 O’Neill, O. (2001). Autonomy and Trust in Bioethics, The Gifford Lecturers, University of Edinburg Johnson, J. Nd. Some Major Ethical Theories Handout Two: Deontology and Justice, philosophy 164: medical ethics Lawrence, DJ. (2007). The Four Principles of Biomedical Ethics: A Foundation for Current Bioethical Debate, Journal of Chiropractic Humanities

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