Death Talk: The Case Against Euthanasia and Physician- Assisted Suicide. Quebec: McGill- Queen’s University Press, 2001. 205-217. Willke, J.C. Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia: Past and Present.
Physician-Assisted Suicide as It Applies to Current U.S. Policy 1.1 Definition of the Problem As people in the United States assume more active roles in their personal healthcare and the healthcare policies of the country, debates concerning individual autonomy in healthcare begin to emerge. Among these debates is one contemplating the legality of physician-assisted suicide. The United States federal government has deemed this medical procedure an act of homicide, but some states have instated certain policies allowing the procedure. Due to the contending federal and state policies, the populace is left to ask if the current federal prohibitions are justified and applicable to United States healthcare policy. Therefore, we must reconsider the current and established policies regarding physician-assisted suicide to determine the policies’ viability.
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Mosser, K. (2010). A concise introduction to philosophy. Bridgepoint Education. Wolf, S. M. (2008, October 1). Confronting physician-Assisted suicide and euthanasia: My father's death.
Passive euthanasia involves removing a patient’s life support, withholding food and water, and discontinuing medical treatments. Active euthanasia includes any direct action taken to cause the death of the person, such as administrating a lethal drug.2 The debate over this issue stems from moral, ethical, and religious beliefs. All of these standpoints either side with the patient dying a natural death or from an accelerated death by euthanasia. History Throughout history, euthanasia has been used as a way to relieve a patient from an incurable illness or from living a life of unbearable pain. Many cultures, such as the ancient Greek and Roman civilizations, did not oppose one’s decision to end his life rather than living with agonizing pain.3 During this time period, this choice was commonplace.
"Physician’s Decisions About Patient Capacity: The Trojan Horse of Physician-Assisted Suicide." Psychology, Public Policy and Law. 6. (2000): 1-13. Print.
The debate on whether voluntary euthanasia should be legalized has been a controversial topic. Euthanasia is defined as ‘a deliberate intervention undertaken with the express intention of ending a life, to relieve intractable suffering’ . Voluntary euthanasia refers to the patients who understand the terms in the consent and sign up under consciousness, while involuntary euthanasia is performed against patient's wishes and some people may regard it as a murder . There are two methods of carrying out euthanasia, the first one is active and the second one is passive. Active euthanasia means the physicians deliberately take actions which cause the death of the patients, for example, the injection of sedatives in excess amount.
Tepehan, S., Ozkara, E& Yavuz, F.( 2009) Attitudes to Euthanasia in ICUs and Other Hospital Departments: Nursing Ethics 10.1177/0969733009102693 Keown, D. (1996). Buddhism and Suicide. The Case of Channa. Retrieved from http://jbe.gold.ac.uk/ WWW.Euthanasia.com Jotkowitz,A., Gurion, B., Ben-Gurion, G., Gesundheit, B,(2008) A Case Against Justified Non- Voluntary Active Euthanasia (The Groningen Protocol) The American Journal of Bioethics. Lee, M., Bom, J., Swarte, N., Heintz, P., Graeff, A & Bout, J, (2005).Euthanasia and Depression: A Prospective Cohort Study Among Terminally Ill Cancer Patients.
Stevens Jr., Kenneth R. "Emotional and Psychological Effects of Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia on Participating Physicians." Issues in Law & Medicine 21.3 (2006): 187-200. Business Source Premier. EBSCO. Web. 28 Sept. 2011.
N.p., 4 Aug. 2010. Web. 23 Nov. 2013. • Terry, Peter. "Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide: Ethics and Politics."