Euthanasia Abortion

1467 Words6 Pages
There have been ongoing debates on whether physician-assisted suicide (PAS) should be morally permissible and legalized within Canada. This paper will explore why PAS should be legalized in this country, specifically with the purpose to provide patients with increased autonomy and authority of choice over life and death. I will also argue that this controversy should be seen from a sociological perspective instead of the suggested biomedical approach that focuses on the individual alone. Countries such as the Netherlands and the United States, who have both legalized physician-assisted suicide in some parts, will be used as examples and evidence in support of PAS. Not only will I present previous literature that explores this topic, I will also be addressing and refuting the objections that have been raised against this topic. As my focus will be with PAS only, it is necessary before diving into this well explored topic to distinguish between PAS and euthanasia to eliminate any possible confusion and overlap between the terms According to the library of Parliament of Canada (2013), euthanasia can be defined as the intentional act undertaken by one person with the intention of terminating the life of another person to relieve that person from their suffering. An example of this could be giving a lethal injection to someone to end their life. PAS is defined as the act of intentionally killing oneself with the help of another (usually a physician) who provide the means and/or the knowledge. The important difference between these two is that with euthanasia, the physician directly ends the patient’s life, and with PAS, they just provide the means to do so, but the patient takes the last step in ending their life. The debate on wheth... ... middle of paper ... ... quickly and peacefully, when that is what the patient wants. A study done showed that families of patients who request for PAS have less grief than those who did not (Swarte, 2003). Reasons include having the opportunity to say goodbye while the patient is still fully competent, as well as being more prepared for the way of the imminent death and also being able to openly talk about death. We care about how we die in part because we care about how others remember us, and hope they remember us in our ‘good times’. Therefore, many would prefer to die a painless, peaceful and quick death. People should have freedom of choice, including the right to control their own body and life as long as they do not abuse any other person’s rights. This is important to note because PAS only physically affects the patient acted upon, and does not conflict with the rights of others.
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