The applied ethical issue of euthanasia, or mercy killing, concerns whether it is morally permissible for a third party, such as a physician, to end the life of a terminally ill patient who is in intense pain. The word euthanasia comes from the Greek words eu (‘well’) and thanatos (‘death’). It means a painless and gentle death. But in modern usage, it has come to imply that someone’s life is ended for compassionate reasons by some passive or active steps taken by another person. The euthanasia controversy is part of a larger issue concerning the right to die.
Forcing people to suffer is immoral (Kim 171). No person that is terminally ill should want to suffer or allow their family members to watch them suffer. ... ... middle of paper ... ...ainlessly than suffer. Physician-assisted suicide is a justifiable "self deliverance" because it helps those in pain avoid dying miserably. Works Cited Hawkins, Gail N., ed.
Active euthanasia is taking the person’s life by either giving him/her wrong medication or even a wrong dose of medication. On the other hand, passive euthanasia is putting someone to death by terminating the medical devices such as respirators that enables him/her to be alive . It is also important to understand what is not considered as euthanasia. Cutting food and drink from
Second, the worker can discontinue providing life-sustaining treatment to the patient, and thus allow him to die more quickly. This option is called passive euthanasia since it brings on death through nonintervention. Third, the health care worker can provide the patient with the means of taking his own life, such as a lethal dose of a drug. This practice is called assisted suicide, since it is the patient, and not technically the health care worker, who administers the drug. Finally, the health care worker can take active measures to end the patient's life, such as by directly administering a lethal dose of a drug.
This struggle is now obvious in the contemporary discussions of euthanasia. Euthanasia comes from the Greek word "Thanatos" meaning death and the prefix "eu" meaning easy or good (Russell 94). Thus, "eu- Thanatos" means easy or good death. "Euthanasia occurs when at least two people are involved and one of those persons dies because the other person intends that person to die and acts in such a way as to bring about the outcome." (Corr 489) There are different types of Euthanasia present today: active or physician assisted suicide, passive voluntary euthanasia and involuntary euthanasia.
There are two types of euthanasia, known as active and passive euthanasia. Administering lethal drugs that kill the patient with permission from the patient or a person in charge of one’s wishes qualifies as active euthanasia (Alters 3). Whereas active euthanasia kills the patient with drugs, passive euthanasia removes or stops a patient’s life saving medical treatment so the person can die naturally (Alters 3). Active euthanasia contains three processes: voluntary, non-voluntary, and involuntary euthanasia. Voluntary euthanasia includes having a patient give the doctor orders to end his or her life (Frey 324).
This causes the patient to die quickly rather than wait until death. The Hippocratic Oath is the pledge that doctors and physicians make to never intentionally harm or kill a patient. “I will not give a lethal drug to anyone if I am asked, nor will I advise such a plan…” What it doesn’t mention is that when a patient is in immense pain, the physician should do whatever they can to stop or at least alleviate the pain the patient suffers from. The Hippocratic Oath als... ... middle of paper ... ...urt decisions on Doctor Prescribed Suicide. "What Is a Living Will?
These include: passive euthanasia, active euthanasia, physician assisted suicide, and involuntary euthanasia. Passive euthanasia is the hastening of the death of a person by altering some form of support and letting nature take its course. Overdose of morphine is the most common form of passive euthanasia. Active euthanasia involves causing the death of a person through a direct action, in response to a request from that person. Physician assisted suicide occurs when a physician supplies information and/or the means of committing suicide to a person, so that they can easily terminate their own life.
It also requires another individual to perform a “final act.” This is usually a doctor-patient team. Physician-assisted suicide is when the patient performs the “final act.” The two involve intentionally ending a human life (Kamm). Passive euthanasia is whe... ... middle of paper ... ...nt, Lisa . Physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia. Facts on File, Inc., print.