European Union Policies and the Czech Republic

explanatory Essay
2572 words
2572 words

Czech Republic has gone through two major transformations in less than eleven years. In 1993, what was formerly known as Czechoslovakia, split into two separate countries. Both Czech Republic and Slovakia joined the European Union in 2004 along with eight other nations. Two EU policy issues that affected or continue to affect Czech Republic were the adoption of the euro and ratification of the Lisbon Treaty of 2009. Czech Republic’s president is anti-EU and this plays a significant role in showing that it is important who is in power. One of the major requirements a candidate country must have in order to join the European Union is a democratic government. Czechoslovakia had a rather tumultuous journey towards democracy, starting with Adolf Hitler. Adolf Hitler wanted to unify Germans and in order to do so he wanted Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland (Docalavich 2006, p.27). In 1938, France, Germany, Italy, and Great Britain signed the Munich Agreement allowing Germans to occupy the Sudetenland (Taus-Bolstad 2003, p.26). France, Italy, and Great Britain thought that by satisfying Hitler they would avoid another war and ensure peace in Europe. Power-hungry Hitler went back on his word and invaded the rest of Czechoslovakia. Afterwards, Hitler moved on to Poland which would be the start of World War II (Otfinoski 2004, p.15). The Soviet Union allied with Czechoslovakia against the Nazis and it was the former’s Red Army who ultimately freed them from Nazi control (Jancar 1971, p.244). Czechoslovaks were grateful to the Communists for their help and allowed them to take over the government. Alexander Dubcek was the general secretary of the Czech Communist party in 1968 (Otfinoski 2004, p.21). Under Dubcek, Czechoslovaks experienced ... ... middle of paper ... ... Retrieved October 22, 2011, from EBSCOhost. Otfinoski, S. (2004). The Czech Republic. (2 ed.). New York, NY: Facts On File, Inc. Payback time. (2003). Economist. Retrieved October 2, 2011, from EBSCOhost. Stafford, J. (2006). The European Union: Facts & figures. Philadelphia, PA: Mason Crest Publishers. Taus-Bolstad, S. (2003). Czech Republic in pictures. Minneapolis, MN: Lerner Publications Company. The Czech Republic’s integration into the EU – monetary and economic policy - Czech National Bank. (n.d.).Czech National Bank. Retrieved October 18, 2011, from Webb, J., Laca, P., Chamonikolas, K., & Skolimowski, P. (2011). Joining the Euro: What's the Hurry?. Bloomberg Businessweek, (4212), 10-14. Retrieved October 11, 2011, from EBSCOhost.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains the activities of the european union - economic and monetary affairs.
  • Explains that czechoslovakia has gone through two major transformations in less than eleven years.
  • Quotes bilefsky, castle, and chamonikolas on the czech government's austerity measures.
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