Born 287 BC Archimedes grew up in the thriving commercial hub of the port city of Syracuse, Sicily. His father, Phidias, was an astronomer and mathematician and it is thought his family enjoyed the life of aristocracy. Very little is known about his life, what is has been reported by the Roman writer and historian Plutarch. He studied for a short time in Alexandria, Egypt. Alexandria was a great place of learning, and at this time Euclid studied there and undoubtedly influenced Archimedes thinking. At the end of this study, Archimedes returned to Syracuse were he spent the rest of his life actively discovering and explaining important concepts. He is one of the few geniuses in history that enjoyed his own fame in his lifetime. Both his peers, his king, and even his enemies respected him for his work.
Archimedes was a native of Syracuse, Sicily. Some authors have said that he visited Egypt and invented a device there now known as Archimedes' screw. This screw is a pump, still used in many parts of the world. When Archimedes was a young man, he studied with the descendants of Euclid in Alexandria. He was familiar with the mathematics used there, and he knew personally the mathematicians working there and he sent his results to Alexandria with personal messages. He regarded Conon of Samos, one of the mathematicians at Alexandria, very highly for his abilities as a mathematician and he also regarded him as a close friend.
Pythagoras, a man who is immortalized through his genius in the field of mathematics, or more specifically and more widely known the Pythagoras Theorem. A revolutionary theorem, which he created alone, which allows one to uncover the length of the missing side of a triangle by utilizing the other two sides. However, this theorem was not the only thing that Pythagoras was remembered for. In fact he is remembered for his philosophies, childhood, secret life and society, and influential adventures. The man, Pythagoras, was so famous in his time he was able to build and keep his own religious secret society, which has made it difficult to find detailed descriptions on Pythagoras’ life.
Archimedes was born in 287 BC in Syracuse, a Greek seaport colony in Sicily. Archimedes’ father was Phidias. He was an astronomer; this is all we know about his father and we learn this from Archimedes’ work, The Sandreckoner. Archimedes was educated in Alexandria, Egypt. Archimedes’ friend, Heracleides, wrote a biography about him, but this work was lost. Some authors report that he visited Egypt and there invented a tool known as Archimedes' screw. This is a pump, still used today in parts of the world. It is likely that, when he was a young man, Archimedes studied with the followers of Euclid. Many of his ideas seem to correspond with the mathematics developed there. This speculation is much more certain because he sent his results to Alexandria with personal messages. He considered Conon of Samos, one of the greatest achieving mathematicians at Alexandria, both for his abilities as a mathematician and he also respected him as a close friend.
Pythagoras was born around 569 B.C. in Samos, Ionia, and died around 475 B.C. Pythagoras was a Greek philosopher, and mathematician. Pythagoras also developed the Pythagorean brotherhood. This was religious in nature, however it formulated principals that influenced the thoughts of Plato and Aristotle, and contributed to the development of mathematics and Western rational philosophy. Pythagoras not only developed the theorem of A2+B2=C2, but he was also the first to create the music scale of today. Unfortunately none of Pythagoras’s writings from this development time have survived to present day.
Leonhard Paul Euler was born the son of a pastor on April 15, 1707 in Basel, Switzerland. Soon after he was born, his family moved to Riehen, where Leonhard would spend most of his childhood. Leonhard’s father, Paul, was good friends with the Bernoulli family, whose patriarch, Johann Bernoulli, was then viewed as Europe’s leading mathematician. Bernoulli would eventually become a great influence on Leonhard’s life. When Leonhard was thirteen, he was sent to live with his maternal grandmother in Basel, where he enrolled in the University of Basel and eventually earned his Master’s in Philosophy, and wrote his dissertation comparing the philosophies of Newton and Descartes. Euler was following in his father’s footsteps, studying theology, Greek, and Hebrew, and was determined to become a pastor. However, Johann Bernoulli was convinced Euler was destined to become a great mathematician, and talked Paul Euler into letting his son pursue his own passio...
After gaining an above average education, he got to study at Euclid, a well-known math school (Mac). While he was there, he got into a habit of sending theories into the school, but without putting any proofs with the statement, which let the other mathematicians claim as their own work. This, in turn, prevented him from becoming possibly better known that he already is today, or perhaps could have helped him in the long run in inventing his brilliant contraptions.
Geometry, a cornerstone in modern civilization, also had its beginnings in Ancient Greece. Euclid, a mathematician, formed many geometric proofs and theories [Document 5]. He also came to one of the most significant discoveries of math, Pi. This number showed the ratio between the diameter and circumference of a circle.
In the year 426, the tensions between the oligarchs (the rich minority) and the democrats (poor majority) rose so high, that it developed into a civil war. It had begun with the democrats tricking the oligarchs in to believing that Thucydides recounts the events that took place during the civil war in Corcyra. He claims that the civil war was just the first of many within Greece. Once word spread to the rest of the country with what happened in Corcyra, many civil wars broke out between many political groups (3.82) The varying political ideas among the two main parties created even more of a division than there already was, setting the two groups into a major civil war. Thucydides explains it best in saying “civil war brought many hardships to the cities [...] and will happen always as long as human nature is the same.” (3.82) It just takes one disagreement between the oligarchs and democrats to set everything in motion. One of the major issues however, was during the civil war, the Corcyreans had nearly lost all of their human compassion and values. Throughout this paper, three of the major values that were lost during the civil war will be addressed, along with Thucydides’ reasoning as to why they were lost.
According to legend, Euripides was born in Salamis on September 23 480 BCE, the day of the Persian War’s greatest naval battle. Other sources estimate that he was born as early as 485 BCE. His family is believed to be wealthy and influential. Euripides began to question his religion at a young age because of his exposure to famous thinkers, like Socrates and Protagoras. These important men might have influenced Euripides way of thinking, which caused him choose to write about certain issues for his works.