Ethnocentrism : The Middle East, And Southern Asia

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Since before the 19th century all the way to today 's modern age, the world has been torn apart by countless wars and invasions, each more brutal and bloody than the last. These conflicts appear at first glance to break out at random, with seemingly nothing to connect them all together. History, however, requires individuals to seek to learn from past mistakes and find a way to avoid them in the future. This principle has inspired historians all across the world to search for a common factor amidst the chaos, a theme per se. The answer to their musings, the theme they are looking for, is ethnocentrism. Ethnocentrism, as demonstrated in Africa,the Middle East, and Southern Asia, is the root cause of the majority of the conflict that has commenced since the 19th century and continues to this present day. One of the first major areas that were affected by the negative effects of ethnocentrism was the entire continent of Africa, along with all its various cultures and religions. It was solely due to this narrow-mindedness that the major European nations of the 19th century had the audacity to meet to attend the Berlin conference in 1884 to carve up Africa among themselves, without a thought for the cares of the people who actually lived there. From the cruelty the Congolese experienced at the hands of the Belgians to the racist apartheid laws in South Africa, everything was justified by the belief that the black, unindustrialized, Africans were lesser beings who needed to be forcefully guided onto the superior path of the Christian religion and the European culture. Countless millions were killed and suppressed due to this belief and the negative side effects are still being felt in today’s modern world as African countries s... ... middle of paper ... ... religion. India and Pakistan still view each other as treacherous rivals to this day and show no signs of reconciling anytime soon. These three areas, Africa, the Middle East, and Southern Asia, all have separate disputes that occurred over a 200 year time period, yet all those disputes add up to lead to one theme: ethnocentrism being the root cause of their conflicts. Now that historians have their root problem though one must wonder if anything will change. Some say being ethnocentric is part of human nature, that it is natural for people to accept the philosophy “us vs them” when they encounter something new. Can humans really stop condemning each other for being different? The answer to that question cannot be found by searching through the past but instead by looking towards the future with new hope. Humanity has evolved thus far; they can go one step further.

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