Cultural Standards Are All That We Have Our world is a melting pot of different cultures, each one unique in its own respect. Who we are, and what we generally believe to be true or right is a product of what our society values. Because our way of living is what we were raised to believe as “right”, it is often hard to except the fact that others live differently. In reality, different cultures have different moral codes. The belief in the objectivity and universality of moral truth is an unachievable ideal standard, and holds no practical value.
The meta-ethical theory of relativism claims that there is no universal moral standard that can be used to evaluate the practices and beliefs of other cultures. For the relativist, 'true' only means 'true for my culture', while at the same time, what someone in another culture deems as true, regardless of the contrast, can be equally so (Williams 1976: 34). This means that the criterion for what is deemed acceptable for a given society, is reflective of the views of the prevailing culture. I disagree with this meta-ethical view. At first glance, the theory of relativism might appear as one of respect and tolerance, however, after closer analysis it leads to sharp division between different societies (Midgley 1993: 175), which in an increasingly integrated and globalised world, cannot really hold.
We are shaped by the events of history, and shown how to behave within our culture. There is no way to externalize ourselves from the community because of how embedded it is in our psyche(221). With this notion, if a community can have a shared understanding of what the common go... ... middle of paper ... ...aditions of certain cultural practices, but not to the extent of making it a political theory. In todays world, we need a solid foundation to each individual in order to have a working, non-oppressive, self-respecting society. The liberal approach respects the ideals of certain cultures, but not to the extent of the communitarian.
Culture Relativism Culture Relativism is a contradictory theory for the explanation of the way we ought to live because the roots of the theory don’t give any explanation for what is right and wrong but instead only a means for right and wrong to be judged. By no fathom of the imagination can one contend that his or her own self ideas are correct there are certain bias that come with all judgments on the correct way to live, but if culture relativism stood true than it must be able to give some sort of universal truth. To produce a theory that says in its entirety the correct way to live depends on the culture you were brought up in and that is a truth contradicts itself. Culture relativists contend that this is a truth all people are different and we all have different moral codes. I think for the most we do, but to what does this argument mean?
Though imposing these values on people with a different culture is ethnocentric and, therefore, has become controversial. A key component of cultural relativism is the concept that nobody, not even researchers, comes from a neutral position. The way to deal with our own assumptions is not to pretend that they don 't exist but rather to acknowledge them, and then use the awareness that we are not neutral to inform our conclusions. Sociologist study these other cultures to understand why their beliefs, values, rules and language are different. By doing so we open up so much more and learn from the upbringing and culture of others.
Therefore, no standard line was drawn for people to judge weather one culture is good or bad than the other. In fact, based on relativism, we all think our culture is right, then when we see other culture we will use our method to criticise others. When we judge them, instead of thinking wether it is right or wrong, we are comparing them with our own culture. On the other hand, since people believe in different moral codes, there is also no “universal truth” that people are all believe is right and follow it as a rule. So we should not judge others, instead we ought to accept and tolerate other
Cultural Relativism Universalist argue that the thing which is hindering human rights universality is cultural relativism. Cultural relativism means that human moral values differ from one society to another base on diverse cultural perspectives. Individual actions and their moral values derive from their own culture. Therefore, morally right is culturally context-dependent and people behave according to their own culture (Ayton-Shenker 1995, p.2 and Anjum 2013, p. 169). This mean that cultural relativism does not allow one culture to influence the beliefs and customs of others (Wright 2014, p.5).
Cultural Relativism displays the prejudices of our society Our feelings may not always tell us the truth that is why we need to be more open about discovering what the truth is not matter what it can be(). We need to avoid all ignorance at all costs and be respectful of one another at all times. And you do not need to accept the theory to accept these rules that we must obey and respect.
The number one problem associated with self deception is that it has the capability of creating moral dilemmas, such that people use it as a "prophylactic against leaning from experience," according to Dalrymple. Because one knowingly deceives oneself into believing something even in the face of strong evidence to the contrary. The main driver of self deception is self interest. Due to our concern for our own well being we choose to believe and hold certain beliefs. Dalrymples argument is that by refraining from making judgements we are refusing to evaluating what is acceptable in a society and we let certain behaviors such as crime and brutality to flourish.
To view one’s own culture as the universal by which all others are judged would be ultimately subjective, as our perceptions of cultural differences are shaped largely by our immersion in our own culture. An ethnocentric approach stems from judging an alternate culture in relation to one’s own pre-conceived cultural values, held to be superior; the parallax phenomenon, the inability to escape our own biases, prevents objective analysis of different cultures. A cultural relativist maintains the post-modernist view that there is no moral or cultural high-ground with which to judge one culture in relation to another, thus each culture must be understood from its own perspective, and within its own context. Some practices may appear bizarre when observed cross-culturally, however, in their own cultural context, they seem quite natural. A relativist approach has its limits, and these boundaries are drawn at cross-cultural universals.