Discussion of The Issues Raised in Meta-Ethics Ethics is the study of how people behave, and how they should behave. It is based on ideas of what is morally 'good'. But, in order to understand ethics, a definition of 'good' needs to be determined. Here, one sees that such ideas will vary from person to person and from culture to culture. Likewise, such ideas explain why there is such a variety of moral systems in use today and a marked difference in the level of commitment to a personal moral code.
And, the most significant "way the world is" for ethics is that it is individuals in community. This paper attempts to develop an ethical theory based solidly on Whitehead’s metaphysics, and to address precisely the problem of the relation between the good for the individual and the common good, in such a way as to be sympathetic to both. One of the most pervasive problems in theoretical ethics has been the attempt to reconcile the good for the individual with the good for all. It is a problem which appears in contemporary discussions (like those initiated by Alasdair MacIntyre in After Virtue) as a debate between emotivism and rationalism, and in more traditional debates between relativism and absolutism. I believe that a vital cause of this difficulty arises from a failure to ground ethics in metaphysics.
When beginning to discuss the proposed question one must first posses a valid definition of ethics in order to determine the factors of a situation that relate. Ethics are in a way the ‘rules’ that define what is or isn’t acceptable in a society based upon core values and beliefs that the society holds to be true (Ethics vs Morals). Therefore, furthering to relate to the proposed question, an ethical judgment is simply a judgment based upon the ethics of a situation. The majority of ethical judgments that are well-known throughout society have come about when a ‘rule’ is violated or blatantly ignored. Throughout the world’s history, ethics have continuously shaped people’s opinions and influenced the actions in which they take.
Production of knowledge is generally seen in a positive light. However, when ethics and morality become involved in the process of production, judgements will undoubtedly be made that may seem to limit the availability of that knowledge. Ethical judgements are made by the combination of a knower, his or her standard of value, and the situation itself. In the field of the arts and natural sciences, ethics plays a crucial role in the extent one may possibly be allowed to go to when discovering new knowledge. Reason and emotion are important ways of knowing that help guide knowers in making certain moral decisions.
Ethics means doing what one believes is the right and best choice for them and what is right to me might not be right to others. Virtues, responsibilities, obligations, and believes all contribute to how people see and analyze things. We are all diverse in how we see and comprehend situations and how we feel about each situation will change how we reason our actions. So should ethics be base on reasons or feelings? I believe that it should be the base on both.
Normative ethics also applies to how one might think one should act. Normative ethics are based solely on the opinion of another person, unlike descriptive ethics.More specifically (normative) ethics are the discipline concerned judgements of setting up norms.Although moral ethics go hand in hand they are different.Morals define personal character, while ethics stress a social system in which those morals are applied. Meaning morals inform you on human behavior whereas... ... middle of paper ... ...be true that human societies have moral systems that they pass down through the generations. We pass on our moral customs by the way we treat people who we think have behaved well or badly, or, perhaps more often, the way we talk about them behind their backs. We try to be like people who are liked and we try to avoid being like people who are looked down upon.
First, arranging moral precepts into ethical systems facilitates understanding of well-defined values, norms, and beliefs adopted by a group. In turn, groups express these beliefs by codifying them through rules, laws, and codes of conduct intended to influence decision-making, especially when a poor decision would lead to corruption, and loss of professional trust. More importantly, ethical systems provide moral justification for activities that appear to defy innate human instincts. Lastly, ethics provide insight into the cause and effect of a potential action or decision, allowing the group to determine what is right (ethical, effective, and efficient) within an established framework. All of these ethical characteristics are important to understand because they can compel an individual or group to act contrary to a universal human
Furthermore, they could either end up being good or bad; however, it all depends on the situation. Ethics are described by many factors that define a person’s characteristic; however, they can influence what we believe is right or wrong as well. More importantly, we need to understand that ethics will continue to change. Because ethics are an important subject, it can influence a great deal how we identify ourselves to others, development of culture, as well as involvement in social events. Ethics means a moral principle of right or wrong (Lawrence & Weber, 2016a).
In regards to intellectual, this virtue is conceptualized from birth and develops from teaching, which requires time and experience (Cahn, 2013). Whereas moral virtues ascends habitual by nature through adaption (Cahn, 2013). Aristotle continues that nature actions must be determined how they should be done, in order to learn if an action becomes destroyed through excess of an extreme (Cahn, 2013). In addition, Aristotle stated for a behavior to become habituated, individuals despise things through... ... middle of paper ... ...er with constructing ethical decision-making. Conclusion In conclusion, the researcher 's personal philosophy of ethics in leadership relating to moral frameworks of virtue ethics and categorical imperatives, find ways to measure values to determine if a behavior, thought, action, or principle is deemed morally right or wrong.
However, moral issues are more personal while some laws that apply to a community govern ethical issues. Any action that goes against the principles of that community is unethical. This of course varies from generation to generation and from community to community. Therefore, by operating under the foundation of the good will and doing good deeds for others, I believe the code is moral because it considers the welfare of everyone, not just one individual. As time goes by, it is important to review the values one has in order to ensure that necessary changes are made when the needs of the community