Ethical and Beneficial Replacement for Embryonic Stem Cell Research

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Cells, “the building blocks of life”, comprise the smallest bacterium to the largest creature on earth (Sadava 77). Cells hold great importance in maintaining each and every living being and animal (Hole 52). One human body alone contains an estimated 75 trillion cells that all work together like a complex machine (Hole 51). The intricate and unique design of the cell only begins to encompass its untapped potential to impact human lives through the assistance of medical research. Research involving cells of all types demands the attention of scientists in search of new discoveries in medicine, but embryonic stem cell research sparks a controversy that only an alternative solution can resolve. Embryonic stem cell research should cease due to the fact that it eliminates a human being and research involving adult and IPS cells should supersede it because of the obvious benefits each provides those seeking medical treatment. In 1655, Robert Hooke coined the term “cell” after observing that “a thin section of cork he was examining through a primitive microscope was made up of tiny chambers, like cells in a monastery” (Cummings 36). Later in 1855, German physician Rudolf Virchow “published his now famous aphorism ‘omnis cellula e cellula’”, meaning “every cell is the product of the division of a previously existing cell” (Schultz; Cummings 37). A cell “is a world unto itself”, and “to build a human, trillions of cells connect and interact, forming dynamic tissues, organs, and organ systems” (Hole 51). Describing a “typical” cell presents an impossible task because cells “exist in a variety of sizes, shapes, types, colors, and life spans” (Cummings 37; Hole 51). The complexity and sometimes indescribable behavior of cells has influenced ... ... middle of paper ... ...ced without Consent: Taking from the Unborn, Ending Lives." Embryonic Stem Cell Research. Right to Life of Michigan, n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2014. Sadava, David E., David M. Hillis, and H. Craig Heller. Life: The Science of Biology. 9th ed. N.p.: W.H.Freeman and, 2009. Print. Schultz, Myron. "Rudolph Virchow (1821–1902)." National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 27 Feb. 2006. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. "Stem Cell Information." Stem Cell Basics: Introduction. National Institutes of Health, 28 Apr. 2002. Web. 15 Mar. 2014. "Stem Cell Research ." MRC. Medical Research Council, n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2014. "Timeline for Bone Marrow Transplants." Biotechlearn. Biotechnology Learning Hub, 15 Nov. 2007. Web. 13 Apr. 2014. Yee, Jiing-Kuan. "Turning Somatic Cells into Pluripotent Stem Cells." Nature Publishing Group, 2010. Web. 29 Mar. 2014.
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