I have complete understanding of embryonic stem cell research, and its potential to end human suffering, however it is unethical to do so. First and foremost, embryonic stem cells have the potential for life. Using stem cells for research shows a lack of consensus regarding the meaning, bonds, and sense of life. Knowing we can does not mean we should. There are limits and using embryonic stem cells for research purposes requires the destruction of the human embryo, and putting an end to potential human life crosses the line.
The specific objective of this major essay is to clarify and summarise the controversial debate concerning the ethical decency of embryonic cloning for therapeutic purposes. This is the form of cloning that is supposedly beneficial to a barrage of medical applications. We will identify the key opposing ethical perspectives such as those of the justification of embryonic research based on the normative theory of consequentialism. This paper will also probe into the relatively brief history of the debate while gauging the particular stumbling blocks of disagreement which bioethicists have arrived at. The topical aspects of therapeutic cloning will be closely studied by weighing the pros and cons and gaining a greater understanding of the present scenario.
In his essay, Kass takes a standing ground against research that uses living in vitro human embryos, by arguing that the research practices undermine “the... ... middle of paper ... ...ices are harmful because they lure and misguide us so well. We need to set up the public policy on such a sensitive issue like embryonic research, and the bioethicists are people we hope to rely on. But since they still use ill logics to battle against each other to establish their concrete standing ground, we have to be more cautious to rely on them. As important as moral standard discussing in embryonic research issue is the logical standard. Logical fallacies might make the essay look more attractive, but after being scrutinized, the presence of logical fallacies degrades value of essay itself.
Gene therapy has become an exciting and controversial issue on the scientific and medical horizon. Science offers new technologies that, in the future, will be able to treat and cure common genetically passed diseases. However, as it is an extremely broad subject, some time must be dedicated to its interpretation and explanation. First, a general definition of gene therapy is required. Genethics, the Clash between the New Genetics and Human Values, by David T. Suzuki and Peter Knudtson, defines gene therapy as "the medical replacement or repair of defective or faulty genes in living human cells."
One must also consider the ethical questions that arise. Gene therapy offers undeniable benefits, but the risks it poses need to be addressed before this technology can become common practice. The goal of gene therapy is to correct the unwanted trait or disease by introducing a modified copy into the cell. Notice that the purpose is not to replace defective genes in the host cell, rather it is to provide a new copy, so the correct protein is expressed, or at least the defective gene is neutralized (Blachford 462). Humans are made of trillions of cells, each with a specific function.
The Factor of Gene Therapy: the Ethics, Progress, and Future Abstract Erasing genetic diseases from the human race has been a vital role in science. However, there is a point where the moral standards have interrupted the advancement of curing genetic diseases. One of the many sciences that have the ability to completely wipe out the future of any genetic diseases, gene therapy, is being stifled due to the infliction of morals. There is a fine line in what is inhumane and moral to the standards of society; causing the advancement of gene therapy to be limited. The answer to the future of gene therapy relies on what we will accomplish for the future generations, but this is based on our past, our current morals, and our cooperation.
I believe human gene therapy is a good and useful tool for medicine and needs to be developed because it posses the ability to help and cure people from ailments that degrade their quality of life. One of the biggest concerns involved in gene therapy in humans is the lack of knowledge and the possibility for consequences later on or i... ... middle of paper ... ...ring deadly diseases and preventing abortions. In order for gene therapy to one day become effective much more research needs to be done to discover the consequences of altering specific genes. Also the technology of gene therapy needs to be cost effective so people who need help are able to get help. In the end gene therapy in humans needs to come a long ways before it will be widely accepted but there is great potential in the technology and it needs to be pursued.
Some advocates of cloning argue that allowing society to benefit from cloned organs, for example, will outweigh the detrimental consequences of that may result from the abuse of cloning technology by a few scientists. At the same time, those adamantly against cloning argue that denying some individuals their right to a cloned child or organ is necessary to protect society from the negative affects this technology will have on humanity in general. Another common ethical approach to cloning is based on Kant's principles of autonomy and self-determination. Those supporting this theory often believe that in many cases the indivi... ... middle of paper ... ... Kontorovich, E. V. "Clone Wars: Asexual Revolution." National Review.
The third issue is the destiny of genes, because our genes control some diseases. As a result, clones would ultimately know whether or not a certain disease will kill them and this often causes a psychological strain, as clones will feel as if they are a ticking time bomb (p. 381). Although the author rejects the idea of cloning a human, he proposes that therapeutic cloning can be beneficial in creating cells and tissues that can ultimately save a humans life (p. 382). In general, reproductive cloning poses too many risks to a human’s physical and psychological well being. Examining the health risks that Dolly the sheep endured, it is safe to say that cloned humans will endure serious complications throughout their life.